Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: Being poor means having little money or few possessions. Top 8 Victorian Era Poems That Must Be Read, Victorian era last name generator: Random last and first names. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: The Poor. Keep in mind that families were large in Victorian times, especially poor families. Has women’s place in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras. By 1900 there was near-universal literacy, a colossal achievement considering how appalling the situation of poor children had been in the 1830s. While a rich family might live in a large Beautiful house with several bedrooms, a large living room, a parlor and a dining room separate from the kitchen, poor children might have as little as one room for the family to live in. usually well fed, clean and well clothed. Poorer people often lived in crowded and difficult conditions. There was the rich lady, who led the nostalgically stylized view of Victorian life – all bustles, petticoats and jewels, and conversely there was the somewhat less rosy existence of the poor woman; a life of chimney sweeping, workhouses, and prostitution. This was a sharp contrast to the overcrowded and unhealthy conditions of the working and poor classes of this time. You can use this PowerPoint to demonstrate to KS2 students the differences between the Victorian classes and how this impacted people’s lives. If you don't have much money you can't buy many things. The nineteenth century saw a huge growth in the population of Great Britain. Having a job is important so you can earn money. Word of the lesson: Comparison The main task is to create a spider diagram with findings from the sources about rich Victorians and then to compare this to what they have learned in all of the previous lessons about the poor during the Industrial Revolution. The Poor Law Commission of 1832 decided to amend the previous poor laws, for they were too liberal and did not implement discipline into the poor. How Did Poor People Live During the Victorian Era? The working class was divided into three layers, the lowest being 'working men' or labourers, then the ‘intelligent artisan’, and above him the ‘educated working man’. Image courtesy of www.eriding.net (Click image to enlarge.) Most children from poor families had to work because their families needed the money. The Victorians, especially poor ones, were at high risk of catching some nasty diseases. Even children worked hard on the farm from as young as six years old. and "What questions do you want to ask about the life of the poor?" Most of the common killers – measles, scarlet fever, smallpox and typhus – … The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. Things were very different in case the of children born in poor families. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? ate … Explain that the aim of the first session of teaching is to find out what life was like for the Victorian poor. Use the activity to assess their level of knowledge and understanding from any recent study of Victorian Britain. In this post we will look at what rural life was like on a country estate in Victorian England. Primary Homework Help But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. Also read about ragged schools.. Also read about ragged schools.. Child labor was a terrible problem and it was no longer just the father that would bring home enough money for food. The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. The poor children had to work public jobs for their families to survive. The purpose of the prison system was to make time behind bars so utterly unpleasant that those who found themselves languishing behind the grim, grey walls of a penitentiary would, on their release, think twice before daring to re-offend. Victorian England Rural Life. These were all live issues at the time Dickens was writing the novel, especially with the introduction of the1834 New Poor Law – an Act which, for many liberal Victorians, appeared to criminalise the poor. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 26, 2020 12:49:48 PM ET Poverty stricken families living during the Victorian Era likely lived in crowded, unkempt, slum houses, or were homeless, endured poor sanitary conditions and often were forced to subject their children to work in harsh conditions. ©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013 Some families had as many as eight to twelve children or more. Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. The Victorians. The problem with the Victorian era is that there were very few families that had relatively nice homes, enough to eat on, and a decently successful career. Life of poor Victorian children Boys born in a wealthy family were often sent to boarding for education or were tutored at home by eminent tutors while girls were trained in household activities like sewing, knitting etc. Charles Dickens’ second book, Oliver Twist (1838) contained the classic Victorian themes of grinding poverty, menacing characters, injustice and punishment. Check out the typical Victorian salaries. The more people in a family who work, the better chance of having more money. Janet Sacks’ Victorian Country Life is a good reference for those who want to know more; other sources for this article are linked throughout the post. Jerry White is professor in history at Birkbeck, University of London, specialising in working-class London life since 1700, and author of London in the Nineteenth Century (Jonathan Cape, 2007). For the poor Victorian Children life was much different. The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. For these, the Victorian era was one of abject poverty. A poor Victorian family would have lived in a very small house with only a couple of rooms on each floor. Wealthy Victorian Children Boys would be employed to scare the birds from the crops, guard the livestock from straying, pick hops, sow potatoes … Victorian Durham: the homes of the poor. Millions lived in overcrowded and dirty slums that's simply defy understanding today. Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. They had their own small vegetable garden and kept a pig to feed the family. There was a big difference between rich and poor in Victorian times. Rich Victorians lived a comfortable life The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. The difference between private life and commerce was a fluid one distinguished by an informal demarcation of function. If the work was seasonal or demand slumped, when they were laid off they had no savings to live on until the next job opportunity could be found. [1] Unlike their lower class counterparts, upper class Victorian women more often than not had staff to help with the running of their home and the raising of their children, leaving them with plenty of time to enjoy the finer things in life. On the one hand, more well-to-do Victorians were always encouraged to show charity to the needy. More money means more food and better living conditions. This drove the prices down on the wages and most poor class families struggled to even put food on the table. Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. Various ideas have been put forward; larger families; more children surviving infancy; people living longer; immigration, especially large numbers of immigrants coming from Ireland fleeing the potato famine and the unemployment situation in their own country. Learn all about the differences between the rich and poor during the reign of Queen Victoria with … You either had the money or you didn’t, which in reality probably drove the middle class to extinction for a time throughout the Victorian era. Find out what Victorian home life was really like. Gleanings of corn were collected after the harvest and used to make flour and bread and they would make their own cider, ale and wine from fruit such as elderberries. A poor family preparing food. Poor children often had to work instead of going to school. This was often due to poor diet and malnutrition although the biggest killer remained dirty drinking water. Find out about life for rich and poor children. Find out about the life of a young Victorian girl living in a wealthy household with a governess. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. primaryhomeworkhelp.com, Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK, Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. To be quite honest, by today’s standard, this would not be middle class, it would simply be upper class. However, many people considered the rich to be middle class if they did not have anything to do with royalty. During this time, if the father got sick or died the family would often be kicked to the streets where they would live in some place like public housing. BBC Teach. Learning Objectives: To investigate the differences between the lives of Rich and Poor Victorians. The Victorian attitude toward the poor tended to be mixed. The middle class, on the other hand, had a very successful time in the Victorian era. Living conditions in the Victorian era Their lives The rich and the poor The careless rich The most famous slums were in east which was often referred to as "darkest London" They suffered from epidemics including Cholera, Typhus, Influenza, fever and Malaria Houses had no Other times, children may be separated from parents and forced to work in harsh working conditions. Therefore, the middle class not only would lose their jobs and have to find another, but they had to compete with immigrants for work. This type of housing was in the older parts of town where streets were dangerous and diseases were running rampant. The Victorians liked to have their social classes clearly defined. This article complemented a five-part BBC Two series The Victorian Slum, showing modern families living in simulated slums, which aired in autumn 2016. Victorian houses of wealthy owners had features such as bay windows, stained glass in the windows and doorways, patterned brickwork and slate roofs. One of the major problems was the immigration of the country. Victorian England was a … BBC School Radio. By the end of the century there were three … Often many families would crowd into a single room for simply some place to lay their head. Conditions inside the Victorian prisons were deliberately made as harsh as possible for the inmates. KS2 History - The Victorians. Living conditions for Victorian farm workers were often cramped and basic. In the 1850s one in nine girls over the age of 10 worked as domestic se rvants for wealthy homes. The Wealthy. Poor Victorians would put children to work at an early a… Liza Picard examines the social and economic lives of the Victorian working classes and the poor. Victorian Era: The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 was introduced to combat the widespread poverty on the streets of England and to provide relief to the poor. had few luxuries. Life in Victorian Britain was vastly different for rich and poor people. PART I: THE RICH. They were merely very wealthy business owners that maybe did not associate with royalty parties or occasions. Many worked with their parents at home or in workshops, making matchboxes or sewing. On the other hand their family life was tighter knit and more loving. Rich Victorians lived a very privileged life, while poorer Victorians had to work hard jobs for little money. Skilled and unskilled workers alike were paid subsistence-level wages. You need money to buy things such as as food and clothes. In the Victorian era, English family life increasingly became compartmentalised, the home a self-contained structure housing a nuclear family extended according to need and circumstance to include blood relations. Your quality of life during the Victorian times depended on whether you were rich or poor. Steam trains made travel a lot easier, and rich people started to go on holidays to the seaside in places like Blackpool and Brighton. Why not trying looking at another theme to find out more about Victorian life? Toys were nothing more than homemade dolls or wooden blocks. We know this: While London grew wealthy as Britain's imperial holdings expanded, London in the 19th century was also a city of incredible poverty. Most employment was to be found in the newly industrialized cities, so many people abandoned their rural roots and converged on the urbanized areas to seek work. Why did many children from poor families have to work? The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. The houses would share toilets and water, which they could get from a pump or a well. The Victorian age was the first in which childhood was recognised as a distinct and precious phase in life. Very poor people with no home or job lived in 'workhouses'. People in the Victorian era started to use electricity for the first time, and to listen to music by playing records on the gramophone. The very poorest families had to make do with even less - some houses were home to two, three or even four families. The country was growing so rapidly that the number of jobs just could not justify it. How was Victorian poor and middle class Life? These houses had ample space for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and the servants. The divide between the classes in the 19th century was such that food, clothes and even sanitation varied drastically. For millions of Victorians, Victorian life had nothing to do with servants, etiquette or fashion. which would make them the perfect housewives. Industrialisation brought about rapid changes in everyday life that affected all classes and as a consequence Victorian society was full of extremes and startling contrasts. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. 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