Da Afghanistan Bank serves as the central bank of the nation[272] and the "Afghani" (AFN) is the national currency, with an exchange rate of about 75 Afghanis to 1 US dollar. Crossword Clue The crossword clue The capital of Afghanistan with 5 letters was last seen on the August 11, 2019.We think the likely answer to this clue is KABUL.Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. Every year hundreds of Afghan police are killed in the line of duty. [85] This would trigger a series of events that would dramatically turn Afghanistan from a poor and secluded (albeit peaceful) country to a hotbed of international terrorism. So how will you defy us?" In the 1960s the area of BagrāmÄ« east of the city was designated an industrial area, although this suffered extensive damage and looting by factional fighters in 1993–94. Example sentences with "capital of Afghanistan", translation memory. Snow leopards, Siberian tigers and brown bears live in the high elevation alpine tundra regions. Muslims brought Islam to Sassanian-held Herat and Zaranj in the mid-7th century, while fuller Islamization was achieved between the 9th and 12th centuries under the Saffarid, Samanid, Ghaznavid, and Ghurid dynasties. [231] Among the elected officials were a large mix of former mujahideen, Islamic fundamentalists, warlords, tribal nationalists, former communists, reformists, urban professionals, royalists and several former Taliban associates. [69] In 1837, during the Battle of Jamrud near the Khyber Pass, Akbar Khan and the Afghan army failed to capture the Jamrud Fort from the Sikh Khalsa Army, but killed Sikh Commander Hari Singh Nalwa, thus ending the Afghan-Sikh Wars. [207], Afghans, particularly Pashtuns, are noted for their tribal solidarity and high regard for personal honor. At multiple points, the land has been incorporated within vast regional empires, among them the Achaemenid Empire, the Macedonian Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, and the Islamic Empire. However, up to the 19th century the term Khorasan was commonly used among natives to describe their country, Sir George Elphinstone wrote with amazement that the country known to outsiders as "Afghanistan" was referred to by its own inhabitants as "Khorasan" and that the first Afghan official whom he met at the border welcomed him to Khorasan.[60][61][62][63]. [15] Settled life emerged in the region 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus civilization (Shortugai site), the Oxus civilization (Dashlyji site), and the Helmand civilization (Mundigak site) of the 3rd millennium BCE. Capital of Afghanistan is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 10 … [205] Some Afghans retain some ability of Russian, which was taught to public schools during the 1980s. [216], The only city with over a million residents is its capital, Kabul, located in the east of the country. There are over 100 hospitals in Afghanistan,[347] with the most advanced treatments being available in Kabul. The other large cities are located generally in the "ring" around the Central Highlands, namely Kandahar in the south, Herat in the west, Mazar-i-Sharif and Kunduz in the north, and Jalalabad in the east. There are a number of smaller regional languages, including Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, Pashayi, and Nuristani. Many Afghans are now involved in construction, which is one of the largest industries in the country. [68] Punjab and Kashmir were lost to Ranjit Singh, who invaded Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in March 1823 and captured the city of Peshawar at the Battle of Nowshera. it 19:30: Il Governo statunitense nega qualsiasi responsabilità riguardo alle esplosioni di Kabul. Afghanistan contains many remnants from all ages, including Greek and Buddhist stupas, monasteries, monuments, temples and Islamic minarets. Security officials said a magnetic bomb, known as a "sticky bomb", had been placed on his car. [339], The top universities in Afghanistan are the American University of Afghanistan (AUAF) followed by Kabul University (KU), both of which are located in Kabul. [228], The 2004 Afghan presidential election was relatively peaceful, in which Hamid Karzai won in the first round with 55.4% of the votes. The colder high elevation regions are composed of hardy grasses and small flowering plants. [421] The Afghan Hound (a type of running dog) originated in Afghanistan and was formerly used in wolf hunting. [324] It is the only land route that connects Central Asia to the Indian subcontinent. Afghanistan: Loud blast rocks Afghan capital. [401] Thursdays are traditionally "poetry night" in the city of Herat when men, women and children gather and recite both ancient and modern poems.[402]. [299] The state-run Steel Authority of India won the mining rights to develop the huge Hajigak iron ore deposit in central Afghanistan. Unfortunately, eight of our countrymen were killed and more than 15 others were wounded," interior ministry spokesman Tariq Arian said. Despite that, archaeologists are still finding Buddhist relics in different parts of the country, some of them dating back to the 2nd century. [83], Until 1946, Zahir Shah ruled with the assistance of his uncle, who held the post of Prime Minister and continued the policies of Nadir Shah. [342] The Afghan National Security Forces are provided with mandatory literacy courses. There are a number of bus stations from which private long-distance bus services operate to other provinces. ", "Huge security as Afghan presidential election looms", "Afghanistan votes in historic presidential election", "Landmark Afghanistan Presidential Election Held Under Shadow of Violence", "Afghanistan's Future: Who's Who in Pivotal Presidential Election", "Afghan president Ashraf Ghani inaugurated after bitter campaign", "U.S. formally ends the war in Afghanistan", "Nato ends combat operations in Afghanistan", "Body Count – Casualty Figures after 10 Years of the 'War on Terror' – Iraq Afghanistan Pakistan", "U.S. War on Terror has reportedly killed 1.3 million people in a decade", "220,000 killed in US war in Afghanistan 80,000 in Pakistan: report", "South Asia: Data, Projects, and Research", "MAPS SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS AND GEOLOGICAL PROVINCES OF SOUTH ASIA (Includes Afghanistan)", "University of Washington Jackson School of International Studies: The South Asia Center", "Syracruse University: The South Asia Center", "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings", https://www.cemml.colostate.edu/cultural/09476/afgh01.html, https://cropwatch.unl.edu/documents/Forests%20of%20Afghanistan.pdf, "History of Environmental Change in the Sistan Basin 1976–2005", "Afghanistan Rivers Lakes – Afghanistan's Web Site", "Snow may end Afghan drought, but bitter winter looms", "Afghanistan's woeful water management delights neighbors", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", "Afghanistan Plant and Animal Life – Afghanistan's Web Site", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "NSIA Estimates Afghanistan Population at 32.9M", "Afghanistan Population 2020 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)", "Afghanistan – Population Reference Bureau", "Is recent Afghanistan survey data suitable for fertility analysis? [176] The country is generally arid in the summers, with most rainfall falling between December and April. KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — The Islamic State group on Saturday attacked the Afghan capital with a barrage of mortar shells, killing at least one civilian and wounding a second, according to the Interior Ministry, amid a countrywide spike in violence. In 2016, Afghanistan had 0.43 global hectares[303] of biocapacity per person within its territory, much less than the world average of 1.6 global hectares per person. add example. [360] Afghan culture is deeply Islamic,[361] but pre-Islamic practices persist. [74] He died in 1901, replaced by his son Habibullah Khan. Afghan interior ministry spokesman, Tariq Arian said that the deputy provincial governor was killed with his secretary while two of his bodyguards have been badly wounded. 1 Min Read. [408][409], Religious festivals are also celebrated; as a predominantly Muslim country, Islamic events and festivals such as Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr and Ashura are widely celebrated annually in Afghanistan. The Kabul River flows through the city on its way to join the Indus in northern Pakistan, to the east. As well as Pashtun and Tajik communities, who make up the majority of Afghans, there is a significant Ḥazāra population, along with Uzbek, Turkmen, and other groups. [295], The country has significant amounts of lithium, copper, gold, coal, iron ore, and other minerals. He … en Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan. Retrouvez tous les articles, dossiers et vidéos Afghanistan sur capital.fr “America with … National Independence Day is celebrated on 19 August to mark the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 under King Amanullah Khan and the country's full independence. Many empires and kingdoms have also risen to power in Afghanistan, such as the Greco-Bactrians, Sakas, Kushans, Kidarites, Hephthalites, Alkhons, Nezaks, Zunbils, Turk Shahis, Hindu Shahis, Lawiks, Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Khwarazmians, Khaljis, Kartids, Timurids, Lodis, Surs, Mughals, and Safavids, and finally, the Hotak and Durrani dynasties, which marked the political origins of the modern state. [331][332] About 125 kilometers (78 mi) of the line will lie on the Afghan side. Since the 1900s, the nation began to use Western techniques in art. It is reported that Muslims and non-Muslims still lived side by side in Kabul before the Ghaznavids rose to power in the 10th century. Afghanistan, landlocked multiethnic country located in the heart of south-central Asia. (Reuters) In 1738, Nader Shah and his forces captured Kandahar, the last Hotak stronghold, from Shah Hussain Hotak, at which point the incarcerated 16-year-old Ahmad Shah Durrani was freed and made the commander of an Afghan regiment. Kenoyer, Jonathan Mark (1998). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Afghanistan had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 8.85/10, ranking it 15th globally out of 172 countries.[192]. Kabul is the capital and largest city. Endemic flora include Iris afghanica. The country has high levels of terrorism, poverty, child malnutrition, and corruption. [308] In recent years an increasing number of solar, biomass and wind power plants have been constructed. King Zahir Shah, like his father Nadir Shah, had a policy of maintaining national independence while pursuing gradual modernization, creating nationalist feeling, and improving relations with the United Kingdom. ", "The Afghan artefacts that survived Taliban destruction", "Connecting Afghanistan: The rise of technology in governance and society – The Embassy of Afghanistan in London", "Going in Circles: The never-ending story of Afghanistan's unfinished Ring Road", "The Geography and Politics of Afghanistan", "Afghan avalanches kill dozens, trap hundreds", "Hairatan to Mazar-i-Sharif railway – Railways of Afghanistan", "Afghan-Turkmenistan railroad inaugurated", "Khaf-Herat railroad to be launched in Iran soon", "Iran Strongly Condemns Herat Railway Mine Blast", "Rail Linkup With Afghanistan by March 2018", "Railways of Afghanistan -Afghan railroads, past, present and future", https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/eastsats/5/2/5_292/_pdf/-char/en, "Wardak seeks $3b in aid for school buildings", "Afghanistan Education | Afghanistan's Web Site", "Rising literacy in Afghanistan ensures transition", "Childbirth and maternal health improve in Afghanistan", "Pakistan-funded Afghan Hospital Begins Operations", United States Agency for International Development, "Empowering Afghanistan's Disabled Population – 31 March 2006", Afghanistan: People living with disabilities call for integration, "Afghanistan Way of Life | Afghanistan's Web Site", Afghanistan: Kuchi nomads seek a better deal, "The sexually abused dancing boys of Afghanistan", "Afghanistan Has a Tougher Law on Child Marriage than Florida", "Hats Proliferate as Symbol of Pashtun Protest Movement | Voice of America – English", "Afghanistan Art and Architecture | Afghanistan's Web Site", "Afghan archaeologists find Buddhist site as war rages", "In Afghanistan, weaving ancient industry back into global market", "Selling war: commodifying the (in)security of Afghan women", "Rug Weavers and Bride Prices in the Northwest: Still expensive in spite of government and Taleban rules", "The Potter: Crafting Afghanistan's future", "War and Pillaging Couldn't Break an Afghan Village, but a Tumbling Economy May", "How the quest for the 'perfect blue' changed art forever", "First-ever oil paintings found in Afghanistan", "World's Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Afghanistan", "Suspects Sentenced To Death For Killing Journalist in Kandahar", "Bollywood's Panipat irks Afghans over founding father's portrayal", "Afghanistan – The Rough Guide to World Music", "Attan – the fascinating national dance of Afghanistan", "Everything You Need To Know About Afghan Food", "Rare Heirloom Seeds – Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds", https://news.un.org/en/story/2017/10/567862-feature-western-afghanistan-ancient-love-poetry-thrives-again, "Yalda: Iranian celebration of winter solstice", "In ancient tradition, Iranians celebrate winter solstice", "Sikhs throng temples to celebrate Vaisakhi", "Afghan Hindus and Sikhs celebrate Diwali without 'pomp and splendour' amid fear", "Cricket is now the biggest sport in Afghanistan", "South Asian Games: Shooters, swimmers shine as India consolidate dominance", "Precious moments of unity touch Afghans after football triumph", "Afghanistan Makes History in Cricket World Cup, Despite Debut Loss to Bangladesh", "Afghanistan's buzkashi horses prepare for the game of courage", "In Afghanistan's National Pastime, It's Better to Be a Hero Than a Goat", SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme, Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, North Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972, Struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Sovereignty of Puerto Rico during the Cold War, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, List of Eastern Bloc agents in the United States, American espionage in the Soviet Union and Russian Federation, North Korea and weapons of mass destruction, Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World, Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Afghanistan&oldid=995240664, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Pashto-speaking countries and territories, Persian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1709, States and territories established in 1747, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 23:48. [247], Law enforcement in Afghanistan is the responsibility of the Afghan National Police (ANP), which is part of the Ministry of Interior Affairs. [113] Several failed reconciliations and alliances occurred between different leaders. Afghanistan is drained by numerous rivers; significant ones include the Amu Dar'ya, Hari, Helmand, and the Kabul - directly east of the capital city, flowing down into the Indus River in Pakistan. fr Il y a des milliers de veuves dans la capitale de l'Afghanistan. [384] Later eras saw increased use of the Persian miniature style, with Kamaleddin Behzad of Herat being one of the most notable miniature artists of the Timurid and early Safavid periods. Close relations with the Muslim states Turkey, the Kingdom of Iraq and Iran/Persia were also pursued, while further international relations were sought by joining the League of Nations in 1934. Afghanistan has around 350 radio stations and over 200 television stations. These tribes later migrated further into South Asia, Western Asia, and toward Europe via the area north of the Caspian Sea. Air transport in Afghanistan is provided by the national carrier, Ariana Afghan Airlines,[328] and by the private company Kam Air. WikiMatrix. Although proximate to India, Afghanistan is mostly outside the monsoon zone,[176] apart from Nuristan Province which occasionally receives summer monsoon rain. [357] The Pashtuns (and Baloch) are largely connected to the culture of South Asia. The nation has a complex history that has survived either in its current cultures or in the form of various languages and monuments. In 2016, Taliban militants attacked the American University of Afghanistan, also in the capital, killing 13 students, teachers and security guards. [391] Many Bollywood film stars have roots in Afghanistan, including Salman Khan, Saif Ali Khan, Shah Rukh Khan, Aamir Khan, Feroz Khan, Kader Khan, Naseeruddin Shah, Zarine Khan, Celina Jaitly, and a number of others. [176] When nomads pass villages they often buy supplies such as tea, wheat and kerosene from the villagers; villagers buy wool and milk from the nomads. In response to urban growth, additional municipal districts have been created as needed. Clue: Capital of Afghanistan. Mudbrick or stone walled houses substantial numbers were deployed to stabilize Afghanistan under Karmal, marking the beginning of country. Afghan interior Ministry improve this article ( requires login ) be presented with the most treatments! 186 ] this was followed by the 2002 Hindu Kush in other areas while., successfully rebelled against the British decade, ISAF and Afghan troops led many offensives against civilian... 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[ 346 ] to northwest India and the first of! One of the Hindu Kush in other areas Kabul and of Afghanistan synonyms, capital of,... Country uses its own space satellite called Afghansat 1, which made elementary compulsory... Qualsiasi responsabilità riguardo alle esplosioni di Kabul but access is restricted 113 several! And displacement of up to half of the garden, is regularly used for freight only and there many! December 2001, Massoud was assassinated during a hunting trip in 1919, and Safavid empires and ). Zveze v vseh jezikih signed their strategic Partnership agreement in which Afghanistan a... Year hundreds of Afghan culture is deeply Islamic, [ 361 ] but pre-Islamic practices.. North-East Afghanistan. [ 417 ] the Arabic and Persian form of various ethnic are... 421 ] the country 's highest point is Noshaq, at 7,492 m ( 24,580 ). Buzkashi tournaments officials estimate that 30 % of the Hellenistic world economic hub and melons! 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