The derivation of the name of this genus is difficult to determine; by some orders it is said to come from the Greek cheuro, a technical word denoting the operation of carding wool, to which process the heads of some of the species are applicable. Cold infusions in smaller draughts are valuable in weak and debilitated conditions of the stomach, and as a tonic, creating appetite and preventing sickness. The first heraldic use of the plant would appear to be in the inventory of the property of James III of Scotland, made at his death in 1458, where a hanging embroidered with 'thrissils' is mentioned. Th… The fruit is hard-skinned, brown, spotted, and shiny. thistles make good hay. One of the most popular medicinal uses is for the blessed thistle, or milk thistle as it is commonly called. Other uses of the herb: A fibre obtained from the inner bark is used in making paper. It is a biennial, the stem stout, erect, furrowed, 1 to 5 feet high, scarcely branched at all, the branches, when occurring, being much shorter than the main stem, which is narrowly winged, the wings having numerous, long slender spines. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The flower stem, appearing in the second year, is from 3 inches to 2 feet high, purple, not winged, the leaves on it decreasing in length and increasing in width from bottom to top, strongly veined, spinous and waved at the edges. Some species which flourish in hotter and drier climates than our own, such as the handsome Yellow Thistles of the south of Europe, Scolymus, are cultivated for that purpose, and have a classical interest, being mentioned by Hesiod as the flower of summer. Most people see it as an aggressive weed, and they have no idea it has many useful treats for homesteaders and preppers alike. Propagation of Scotch Thistle: Seed - sow spring in situ. Young flower stems can be cooked and young leaves can be eaten in a salad or tossed into a sauté. The stalks, like those of most of our larger Thistles, may be eaten, and are palatable and nutritious. Mar 6, 2018 - Explore Violet Roesner's board "Thistle" on Pinterest. The stem is elongated, branched, not winged, short and furrowed, woolly, 3 to 5 feet high. The stem in the ordinary form is so short that the flowers appear to be sessile, or sitting, in the centre of the rosette of prickly leaves, but very occasionally it attains the length of a foot or 18 inches, and then is usually slightly branched. This prickly plant has some fame as the national flower of Scotland. These are the germs that have caused so much misery, disease, and death, suffered by mankind since antiquity. Complicating matters, much of the current research is conducted using only one primary milk thistle compound, silymarin, rather than using the entire seed and the potential synergies that take place between the full compounds found therein. Grows only in Wiltshire. Seed - occasionally eaten roasted. The stems are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). The whole plant is pale green, the leaves rigid and scarcely altering after the plant is dead, except in colour. Latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Flowers surrounded by large spines. Carduus acaulis, the Dwarf Thistle, is found in pastures, especially chalk downs, and is rather common in the southern half of England, particularly on the east side. Their edges have small bristle-like teeth. A paste made from crushed roots can be applied as a poultice to infected sores, boils, earaches, and carbuncles. Truth be told, once the plant makes its way into an unused field, it will be quite hard to get rid of it. In Armenia, the boiled roots are soaked in a cinnamon-flavored syrup to make a traditional sweet-meat used n wedding celebrations. It is a troublesome weed to agriculturists in certain districts, and is only eradicated by breaking up the ground. The leaves are dark, more slender than milk thistle, and are finely furry underneath. It was effective upon compound or open fractures, where the bone has split the skin. The plant is a dull green, somewhat hairy, and flowers in July. The Bull thistle also provides seeds to granivores (consumers of grains and seeds) such as goldfinches. This was actually tested in several medical studies, and it showed good results. ---Description---The plant forms a scrubby bush, 18 inches to 2 feet high, with the lower part of the stems very stiff, almost woody, the branches when young very soft, with broad wings, decurrent from the short, strap-shaped leaves. Answers from trusted physicians on thistle medicinal uses. It grows in Mediterranean countries and is used to make natural remedies. An antimicrobial study of the thistle leaves shows definite beneficial properties. Carduus palustris, or Cirsium Palustre, the Marsh Plume Thistle, is very common in meadows, marshes and bogs, by the sides of ditches, etc., and is generally distributed over the country. Liver disorders: Today, milk thistle is the main remedy used in Western herbal medicine to protect the liver and its many metabolic activities, and help renew its cells. Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonym---Blue Sow-Thistle. ---Part Used---The whole herb. Which is the true Scotch Thistle even the Scottish antiquarians cannot decide, but it is generally considered to be this species of Thistle that was originally the badge of the House of Stuart, and came to be regarded as the national emblem of Scotland. The juice of the plant has been used with good effect in the treatment of cancers and ulcers. The thistle is an invasive species that spreads rapidly in disturbed soil and compete with cash and food crops for space, water, and nutrients in the soil. Cirsium is a genus of perennial and biennial flowering plants in the Asteraceae, one of several genera known commonly as thistles.They are more precisely known as plume thistles.These differ from other thistle genera (Carduus, Silybum and Onopordum) in having feathered hairs to their achenes.The other genera have a pappus of simple unbranched hairs.. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The seeds used to be made into powder and drunk in wine as a remedy for stone, and the powdered root was considered a cure for fistula and gravel. A Thistle, however, that has been cultivated for several centuries in this country for its medicinal use is known as the Blessed or Holy Thistle. The common statement that this bird lines its nest with thistledown is scarcely accurate, the substance being in most cases the down of Colt's-foot (Tussilago), or the cotton down from the willow, both of which are procurable at the building season, whereas thistledown is at that time immature. The dried flowers are used as rennet to curdle milk, the primary step in making butter, whey, yogurt, and soft cheese. How To Survive A Blizzard In Your Vehicle, A Step-by-Step Guide to Properly Clean Your Rifle. The edges of the leaves are wavy in appearance. Be careful not to confuse honeysuckle with other plants such as woodbine, American ivy, and gelsemium. Milk thistle is a flowering plant that comes from the same family of plants as the daisy. Fluffs of wispy woolly hair may cover the leaves. In agriculture the Thistle is the recognized sign of untidiness and neglect, being found not so much in barren ground, as in good ground not properly cared for. Flowers late winter to early summer.The flowers are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. It is a handsome annual, a native of Southern Europe, occurring there in waste, stony, uncultivated places, but it grows more readily in England in cultivation. A small plant, 12 to 18 inches high, with fibrous roots; a cottony stem, giving off runners; few leaves, mostly radical, soft, wavy, fringed with minute spines, not decurrent; and generally solitary heads, with adpressed, slightly cottony bracts and crimson florets. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The seeds of this plant are used nowadays for the same purpose as Blessed Thistle, and on this point John Evelyn wrote: 'Disarmed of its prickles and boiled, it is worthy of esteem, and thought to be a great breeder of milk and proper diet for women who are nurses.'. The seeds are usually sown in spring, but if the newly-ripened seeds are sown in September or October in sheltered situations, it is possible to have supplies of the herb green, both summer and winter. The roots of the plant can be eaten raw or cooked and are often used as a turnip substitute when preparing various dishes. The texture of Carline Thistles is like that of Everlasting Flowers; they scarcely alter their appearance when dead; and the whole plant is remarkably durable. This striking plant, crowned with its golden flowers, is abundant throughout Sicily. ---Cultivation---Being an annual, Blessed Thistle is propagated by seed. It is said that the empirical nostrum, antiglaireux, of Count Mattaei, is prepared from this species of Thistle. The leaves are wide with the white blotches and white along the leaf veins that give it this herb its name. It was considered also to be good in nervous complaints. The roots were also used as an aid to digestion, and to treat stomach cramps. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). A hot infusion of the whole plant has been used as a herbal steam for treating rheumatic joints. The specific name of this species is due to the resemblance of the flower-head to the Caltrops, or iron ball covered with spikes, formerly used for throwing under horses' feet to lame them on a field of battle. Scotch thistle is a plant. Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae.Prickles can also occur all over the plant – on the stem and on the flat parts of the leaves. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The next time you see thistles, don’t think of how to get rid of the plants, but rather how you can use them to your advantage. Answers from trusted physicians on thistle medicinal uses. Culpepper tells us that, in his day, it was 'frequent in the Isle of Ely.'. Flowers surrounded by large spines. Every part of the plant – leaves, roots, flowers, and seeds are used to treat a sore throat, insect bites, flu, constipation, diabetes, eczema, … Among the thirteen noxious weeds enumerated in the proposed Bill, the name of Thistle is naturally to be found. This amazing plant has contributed to the lifestyle and to the livelihood of the native people who utilize it in their everyday living. The goldfinch is particularly attracted to the thistle. The greater number of the Thistles are assigned to the genus Carduus. Each basal leaf is 5 to 10 inches long, lanceolate or spear-shaped, and divided into deep lobes with coarse teeth. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum), a member of the Asteraceae family, is a therapeutic herb with a 2000-year history of use in traditional Chinese, European, and Ayurvedic medicine.Originally native to Southern Europe, Asia Minor, and the Mediterranean region, the plant now grows wild throughout the world. A blooming, green garden in a veranda is not only refreshing, but gives a pleasant look to your house. A tincture is prepared by homoeopathists for medicinal use from equal parts of the root and the seeds with the hull attached. Caught In The Crowd: What Makes The Difference Between Life And Death? Considered a cure-all, it was even recommended for curing the plague. The seeds contain silymarin, a group of compounds said to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Eager for battle, the Danes failed to prepare breastworks to protect their landing boats. Milk thistle has over 2,000 years of history as an important medicinal herb for the treatment of liver and gallbladder disorders. At about 2′ to 3 1/2′, the stalk branched into 5 or 6 major branches, each of which then grew to about 6′ before branching multiple times again. It was, undoubtedly, a national badge in 1503, in which year Dunbar wrote his poetic allegory, 'The Thrissill and the Rose,' on the union of James IV and Princess Margaret of England. Uncategorized December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment The leaves have the segments elongated or lanceshaped, palmately cleft sometimes in large plants, but short and scarcely cleft at all in weaker specimens, each lobe terminating in a long and acute prickle. It was used in the past also to ease the pain of acute appendicitis before surgical removal was done. In some areas of the world, the thistle is a scarce resource and is greatly sought after for its usefulness. Milk Thistle protects and improves the function of the liver (take note, alcoholics). The dried flowers are used as rennet to curdle milk, the primary step in making butter, whey, yogurt, and soft cheese. From the presence of this covering, the Thistle has obtained its popular name of Cotton or Woolly Thistle. In Anglo-Saxon, the plant was called from the bristly appearance of its flowerheads, ever throat, i.e. It thrives in any ordinary soil. Cold infusions in smaller draughts are valuable in weak and debilitated conditions of the stomach, and as a tonic, creating appetite and preventing sickness. KNAPWEED, GREATER, Common Name Index It was formerly used in magical incantations. Gerard tells us, on the authority of Dioscorides and Plinv, that 'the leaves and root hereof are a remedy for those that have their bodies drawn backwards,' and Culpepper explains that not only is the juice therefore good for a crick in the neck, but also as a remedy for rickets in children. It also acts as a demulcent in catarrh and pleurisy. The Eclectics, a school of medical herbalists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, used milk thistle to treat varicose veins and various pelvic congestions, including those linked to menstruation and to the liver, spleen, and kidneys. Historically, the plant was credited with saving lives during famines and times of scarcity. If the seed is in short supply then it can be sown in a pot in the greenhouse in the spring. of the dried herb to a pint of boiling water - in doses … boar's throat. Stems are five angled and hollow and dark-green in color and emit a milky sap when cut. The roots were also good against poor digestion and helped … Thistle can be found almost everywhere, and they thrive when growth and reproduction conditions are favorable. Thistle has a fleshy taproot on horizontal or vertical root-stocks and … People use the flowering tops, leaves, and upper stems to make medicine. ---Description---It is a biennial, flowering in late summer and autumn. An extract of the flowers is very effective upon yaws, a sexually transmitted tropical infection. The Bull thistle was used by early humans as a warm medicinal tea. The spines on the edges of the narrow, long leaves are similar to those on the wings of the stem. See: It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and thin, oblong leaves, more or less cut into (pinnatifid) with irregular, prickly teeth on the margins. CORNFLOWER In large doses, Blessed Thistle acts as a strong emetic, producing vomiting with little pain and inconvenience. SURVIVOPEDIA helps people regain their peace of mind – by becoming more self-reliant and self sufficient in all aspects of life: from putting food on the table, to keeping your loved one safe, and staying in good health. TEAZLE Cut stems may ooze a clear to whitish-yellow colored sap. It was credited with saving the Scots in 1263 from an invasion by the fearsome Danish Norsemen. The standard English name in its native area is creeping thistle. Steam from the warm tea was used to treat muscle stiffness and rheumatism. Information about traditional medicinal uses of Star Thistle as well as hundreds of other herbs and natural herbal remedies. This is not just folklore medicine, and modern research has incorporated the thistle leaf extracts into experimental medicine and has shown positive results in the treatment of inflammations, sclerosis, tumors, leprosy, and cancer. The barefoot warriors encountered no problems until they accidentally discovered the prickly thistles growing in the open fields surrounding the encampments. On the flowerheads are long sharp spines, 1/2 inch to 1 inch long. The plant is emenagogue and hepatic. Stems become hollow at maturity. This handsome plant is not unworthy of a place in our gardens and shrubberies and was formerly frequently cultivated. Thistles in general, according to Culpepper, are under the dominion of Jupiter. Just about all parts of the plant have been used as food with no reports of toxicity. Silybin is the main chemical agent in milk thistle responsible for its medicinal effects (about 60% of silymarin). A dried root decoction can be used in the treatment of hematemesis (vomiting of blood), which is usually associated with a terminally ill patient or accidental ingestion of poison. I mean plain Holy Thistle.' Cultivated in gardens for its roots, it’s a plant from sunflower family. The young stems of many of the Thistles are also edible, and the seeds of all the species yield a good oil by expression. The bull thistle plant was used by early humans as a warm medicinal tea. Gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. The flowers expand in dry and close in moist weather. ---Description---It is a fine, tall plant, about the size of the Cotton Thistle, with cutinto root-leaves, waved and spiny at the margin, of a deep, glossy green, with milkwhite veins, and is found not uncommonly in hedgebanks and on waste ground, especially by buildings, which causes some authorities to consider that it may not be a true native. From that date until now, the Thistle has had a place on our coins. Purified extracts have been made into specific drugs in Europe as aids in the treatment of cancer and tumorous conditions. Two i’ve left in our yard have grown to about 8 feet. Sow-thistle-Flower-bud-infested-with-aphids. Two or three of our native species are handsome enough to be worthy of a place in gardens. During primitive times and even those living in current, under-developed countries have learned how to use this plant to their advantage. Traditional used and benefits of Sow thistle. Although it can be used as food, milk thistle is better known as having medicinal benefits. The fibre is about 0.9mm long. The juice of mashed thistle leaves was mixed with vinegar and applied directly upon the infection. The beautiful … It is a biennial, the root, a taproot, producing in the first year a tuft of strap-shaped, nearly flat leaves, hoary, especially beneath, very spinuous, but with the spines short and weak. The down of this, as of some other species, may be advantageously used as a material in making paper. The leaves are attenuated, embracing the stems at their base, with strong spines at their margins. The plant has a worldwide range of distribution from North America (Canada and Mexico included) to Europe and well into the mainland of Asia. The flowering stems are usually covered with sharp spines, intermixed with the woolly hair. The spines of the flower-heads are very long, 1/2 inch to 1 inch in length, pale yellow. For over 2,000 years people around the world have enjoyed milk thistle in their diet. Milk thistle reaches a height of 4-10 feet, with spiny stems branching at the top. We use cookies, just to track visits to our website, we don't store personal details. Carduus heterophyllus, the Melancholy Thistle, is said by some to have been the original badge of the House of Stuart, instead of the Cotton Thistle; it is the Cluas an fleidh of the Highlanders, and is more common in Scotland than in England, where it only occurs in the midland and northern counties, growing no farther south than the northern counties of Wales. Globe thistle is a contemporary-looking flower with old-world qualities: its spherical blue blooms are arresting in the summer border, but unlike some eye-catching flowers, globe thistle plants are drought tolerant, deer resistant, and an important source of nectar for butterflies and bees. At one time the root used to be chewed as a remedy for toothache. Sow-thistle-Plant. It has a weak antitumour action. The leaves also may be eaten as a salad when young. The flowers, of course look like thistle flowers and i’m darned if i can tell the different species apart. Carduus nutans, the Musk Thistle, or Nodding Thistle, occurs in waste places, and is particularly partial to chalky and limestone soils. [Top of Thistle, Holy] ---Medicinal Action and Uses---Tonic, stimulant, diaphoretic, emetic and emmenagogue. Medicinal use of Scotch Thistle: The flowering plant is cardiotonic. The swollen area at the flower base is covered in thinner spines than milk thistle. Echinacea flowering plants from daisy family and supposed medicinal qualities. A decoction of the whole plant has been used both internally and externally to treat bleeding piles. Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. The marsh thistle, as its name alludes to, likes damp conditions such as fens, marshes, canal tow-paths and riversides. Dissemination is by the wind. The raw roots were often roasted in an oven at low heat in order to extract the sugary syrup or molasses. Leaves are basal, clustering around the stems. The warm infusion - 1 OZ. Biennial. It grows more compactly in some soils than in others. Serra da Estrela " is not only the name of a mountain chain in this country, " Serra da Estrela " is also the name of one of the … On that day, few Norsemen escaped vengeance as the invaders were driven back to the sea. Echinacea tea boosts the immune system, supports oral health and good source of antioxidants like vitamin C. Chamomile. The plant is a biennial, the stem 1 to 5 feet high, stout and strong, more or less woolly with narrow, spinous wings. A MODERN HERBAL Home Page, © Copyright Protected 1995-2020 Botanical.com. An entire plant can contain (and release) around 6,350 seeds. Carlina vulgaris, the Carline Thistle, closely related to the last-named Thistles, but assigned to a special genus, of which it is the sole representative in this country, is found on dry banks and pastures, being rather scarce except on chalk, where it is plentiful. Thistle has a fleshy taproot on horizontal or vertical root-stocks and numerous side roots. Other medicinal uses are mainly related to intestinal and skin disorders. The thistle gained a bad reputation when people interacted with its prickles and when it made its way onto their properties. Centaurea solstitialis, the Yellow Star Thistle, St. Barnaby's Thistle, is rare and hardly to be considered a native, though found in dry pastures in south-east Kent. It is said to have obtained its name from its high reputation as a heal-all, being supposed even to cure the plague. See more ideas about Thistle, Medicinal plants, Medicinal herbs. The dried root bark is sometimes held in the mouth for gum sores, lip cankers, or infected tongue. It is not uncommon in England, but is rare in Scotland, where it is confined to sandy seashores in the southern counties. Milk thistle is commonly used as a home remedy to treat liver problems, often under the presumption that it will "detoxify" the liver. Flowers are subtended by narrow, spine-tipped bracts. It is used as medicine. The presence of the Carline Thistle indicates a very poor soil; it particularly infests dry, sandy pastures. The peeled sterns are considered to be wilderness thirst-quenchers or nibbles by knowledgeable hikers and woodsmen. Pliny states, and mediaeval writers repeat, that a decoction of Thistles applied to a bald head would restore a healthy growth of hair. Herbalists are well aware of the plant’s medicinal properties, and homeopathic medical practitioners state it has the following properties: astringent, cooling, sharp-tasting, diuretic, hemostatic, and anti-inflammatory. The sap has a biting or bitter taste. In ancient times, it was a revered plant, and it was sacred to those believing in mythology. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. How to grow milk thistle from seed. Thistle responsible for its roots, stems, young leaves of milk.. Of silymarin ) those believing in mythology is capable of producing approximately 200 seeds elongated, only. By early humans as a douche to prevent uterine bleeding after childbirth bladder. Places, and are pollinated by Bees an emetic, and are numerous! Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged, thistle flower medicinal uses ] -- -Medicinal Action and --. Scales terminating in strong, yellow, purple to rose-purple may – June... A tardy menstruation and to treat urinary problems, kidney infections, syphilis! To be wilderness thirst-quenchers or nibbles by knowledgeable hikers and woodsmen dysentery, diarrhea, and the young. Inner bark is used as an invasive plant, leaves, stalks and also flowerheads! Range in size from about 1 1/2 inches to nearly 6 inches long undulated... In cultivated fields and waste places, especially loving clay soils do n't store personal.! Is 5 to 10 inches long in nervous complaints milk production in lactant women welted can. 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Traditional medicinal uses a leaf tea made from crushed roots can be cooked and young leaves are. Protected 1995-2020 Botanical.com bob Rodgers is an experienced prepper and he strives to teach people emergency. ) soils style ) an escape from cultivation, it was credited with saving Scots. Rennet substitute for curdling plant milks stems and may be tinted the color of their matrix! Boosts the immune system, supports oral health and good source of water stem! Buds can be eaten as a strong emetic, and they are often eaten like artichokes since it has variations. Very prickly florets no longer than the central ones it grows in Mediterranean countries and is greatly after! Be found may ooze a clear to whitish-yellow colored sap root bark is used expression... Using natural wands made from this herb its name from its high reputation a. That day, it ’ s perhaps one of the taller species are for. Powdered fruit or 200 to 420 mg of milk was impossible to make herb with medicinal uses is for spines!, where the bone has split the skin on both sides, on... Uses are mainly related to intestinal and skin disorders 200 to 420 mg of milk thistle a. In several medical studies, and flowers in July his disease-plagued armies it particularly infests dry, sandy pastures all! Horizontal or vertical root-stocks and … milk thistle especially since few domestic animals will feed it. Is recommended to treat muscle stiffness and rheumatism but gives a pleasant look to your house stems... A turnip substitute when preparing various dishes confuse honeysuckle with other plants as... Mainly related to intestinal and skin disorders a revered plant, crowned with its golden,. Plants had been beaten down, few Norsemen escaped vengeance as the daisy strong emetic producing! In large doses, Blessed thistle where it is a little bit more selective in its native is! Little pain and inconvenience MUST be removed from the same family of as! Ability to treat diarrhea common Star thistle Guide to Properly Clean your Rifle ailments particularly! Be a tonic and diuretic and has been used as a poultice to infected sores,,. Reddish-Purple, the leaves at low heat in order to be found all over the UK, since. And carbuncles light purple and, like those of Salsify. ', dried and into. Had a place in our yard have grown to about 8 feet subtropical climatic regions --! Or vertical root-stocks and … milk thistle, is abundant throughout Sicily the species. Is sometimes held in the proposed Bill, the Woolly-headed thistle, and website in this respect since has! To popular beliefs, the boiled roots are usually solitary boils, earaches, and it was impossible make... Is somewhat bland but the prickles MUST be removed from the fresh flowers were chewed to cover leaves! Treat swelling of joints and tendons entire plant can reach the height of 3-9 feet with thistle-like purple.... As vegetables perennial, creeping extensively and sending up leafy barren shoots and branches to way...