The final stages of import-processing (especially those bulky finished goods that involve high transportation costs) and natural-resource based activities, are moving up-country and up-region, either within value chains of large companies or different segments located by firms in different countries. The visa proposal followed an appeal by the tourist boards of the partner states for a common visa to accelerate promotion of the region as a single tourist destination and the EAC Secretariat wanted it approved before November's World Travel Fair (or World Travel Market) in London. [57], EAC economies have large informal sectors, unintegrated with the formal economy and large business. The capital of the EAC is Arusha, while the most populous city is Dar es Salaam, both of which are in Tanzania. [62] Third generation cards are already in use in Rwanda with Kenya set to introduce them in July 2010 and the other countries following afterwards. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [60] The Common Market is seen as a step towards implementation of a common currency by 2024 and full political federation afterward. [25] This was contradicted by President Salva Kiir, who announced South Sudan had begun the application process one month later. [36][37] It does not yet participate to the same extent as the other members. The first five are also included in the African Great Lakes region. The East African Airways Corporation is incorporated. [41], Other problems involve states being reluctant to relinquish involvement in other regional groups, e.g., Tanzania's withdrawal from COMESA but staying within the SADC bloc for the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations with the European Union. Institutional transformation at the regional and Partner State levels. Kenyan firms have successfully aligned to the lower protection afforded by the EAC CET and fears that firms would not adjust to a 25% maximum CET, or would relocate to Tanzania or Uganda have not been realised. [61], The free movement of people in the EAC is set to be improved with the introduction of "third generation" ID cards. Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan are members of the East African Community (EAC). [53] As of June 2019, Somalia's application has been frozen due to instability in the country. Since being inaugurated in 2001, the EALA has had several sittings as a plenum in Arusha, Kampala, and Nairobi. [41], Informal polls have indicate that most Tanzanians (80 percent) have an unfavourable view of the East African Federation. [41], There remain significant political differences between the states. The proposal was the subject of National Consultative discussions, and a final decision was to be taken by the EAC Heads of State in mid-2007. It came into force on 7 July 2000, 23 years after the collapse of the previous community and its organs. © 1999 - 2020  East African Community. [8] In 2013, a protocol was signed outlining their plans for launching a monetary union within 10 years. The strides taken by the EAC to have a Customs Union Protocol in force and a Community Law – the Customs Management Act — made it attractive to other countries such Rwanda and Burundi to accede the Treaty in 2006. [41] Thus, a high-level committee headed by Amos Wako of Kenya was commissioned to investigate the possibility of speeding integration so as to achieve political federation sooner than previously visualised. The East African Federation (Swahili: Shirikisho la Afrika Mashariki) is a proposed political union of the six sovereign states of the East African Community – Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda – as a single federated sovereign state. [31][32], South Sudan's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, claimed publicly in October 2015 that, following evaluations and meetings of a special technical committee in May, June, August, September and October, the committee has recommended that South Sudan be allowed to join the East African Community. AT 1 – No. East African Community EAC Close Afrika Mashariki Road P.O. [41] From a trade-integration perspective, the EAC may not be the best chosen unit, because the current trade between the three countries is small compared to their external trade, and the EAC's 105 million citizens do not represent a large market in global terms, given the very low average incomes. The Protocol for the establishment of the. [41] More substantial impact could be attained by a new generation of investments in world-market production based on the region's comparative advantages in natural resources (especially mining and agriculture) and the new tariff structure creates marginally better conditions for world-market exporters, by cheapening inputs and by reducing upward pressures on the exchange rate. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional organisation established by the governments of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda to spearhead the East African economic, social and political integration agenda. [30], A team was formed to assess South Sudan's bid; however, in April 2014, the nation requested a delay in the admissions process, presumably due to ongoing internal conflict. Negotiations in 2014 for an EU-EAC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) ran into difficulties with the January 2014 negotiating session failing to conclude the negotiations, which were scheduled to be completed before 1 October 2014. Kinyarwanda is spoken in Rwanda and Uganda. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's tallest peak, located in Tanzania. [8] This legislation may take up to five years for each of the countries to enact fully but official recognition of the common market took place on 1 July. Uganda hopes integration will help support its tourism potential through integration with established regional circuits. [citation needed] On 30 November 2016 it was declared that the immediate aim would be confederation rather than federation. It is expected that the ongoing Ebola epidemic in the country's east will pose some issues, as it has been linked to over 2,268 deaths to date. The Republic of South Sudan was admitted and became a full member of EAC on 5th September, 2016. [7] In 2010, the EAC launched its own common market for goods, labour, and capital within the region, with the goal of creating a common currency and eventually a full political federation. [41] More cynically, others have argued that this historical ambition provides politicians with the ability to present themselves as statesmen and representatives of a greater regional interest. Kenya and Uganda first had a customs union in 1917, and by 1927 Tanganyika (before inclusion of Zanzibar) joined the two. Leverage on the tourism and services value chain and building on the homogeneity of regional cultures and linkages. [19][21] Analysts suggested that South Sudan's early efforts to integrate infrastructure, including rail links and oil pipelines,[22] with systems in Kenya and Uganda indicated intention on the part of Juba to pivot away from dependence on Sudan and toward the EAC. 1.4K likes. A customs union was signed in March 2004, which commenced on 1 January 2005. It also dealt with common services in transport and communications, research, and education. [78] The passport is issued in three of the six EAC member states (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania). The causes of the collapse included demands by Kenya for more seats than Uganda and Tanzania in decision-making organs,[14] disagreements with Ugandan dictator Idi Amin who demanded that Tanzania as a member state of the EAC should not harbour forces fighting to topple the government of another member state, and the disparate economic systems of socialism in Tanzania and capitalism in Kenya. Following independence, these integrated activities were reconstituted and the EAHC was replaced by the EACSO, which many observers thought would lead to a political federation between the three territories. The East African Court of Justice is the judicial arm of the community. The process, to start after the EAC Council of Ministers meeting in August 2013, was projected to take at least four years. [41] For these, the shared vision for a politically united East Africa is commendable and a potential driver for change. [29] In May 2013 the EAC set aside US$82,000 for the admission of South Sudan into the bloc even though admission may not happen until 2016. Reuters considers South Sudan the likeliest candidate for EAC expansion in the short term,[23] and an article in Tanzanian daily The Citizen that reported East African Legislative Assembly Speaker Abdirahin Haithar Abdi said South Sudan was "free to join the EAC" asserted that analysts believe the country will soon become a full member of the regional body. The East African Monetary Union Protocol provides for the attainment of a single currency for daily transactions within the Common Market. The customs union between Kenya and Uganda in 1917, which Tanganyika joined in 1927, was followed by the East African High Commission (EAHC) from 1948 to 1961, the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) from 1961 to 1967, and the 1967 to 1977 EAC. Box 1096 Arusha United Republic of Tanzania Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100 Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190 Email: eac@eachq.org 22 | 24 November 2020, Category: Customs, GazetteType: GazetteTag: Customs Union, REF: F8 | Application for Variation for Verterinaty Product | CODE: PSS/1/1/21/101, Category: EAC Procurement OpportunitiesType: ConsultancyTag: LVFO, Category: Health, YouthType: ReportTag: COVID-19. The EAC is structured into seven main Organs: The Summit; The Council of Ministers; The Co-ordinating Committee; Sectoral Committees [6] In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the EAC agreed to an expanded free trade area including the member states of all three organizations. However, the new organisation suffered from a lack of joint planning and fiscal policy, separate political policies and Kenya’s dominant economic position. [58] Member states will have to change their national laws to allow the full implementation of some aspects of the Common Market such as immigration and customs. [48], Sudan applied to join the EAC in 2011, but its membership is strongly opposed by Tanzania and Uganda. Only East African nationals may apply to be issued with the passports. Infrastructure development in the region. [33], South Sudan was eventually approved for membership to the bloc in March 2016,[34] and signed a treaty of accession in April 2016. The East African Community (EAC) is a supranational organization of East African states that seeks to achieve further economic, and ultimately political, integration in the region. The Map of East African Community Template in PowerPoint format includes two slides, that is, the EAC outline map and EAC political map. Achievements of the East African Community. [63], Mombasa has the East African Community's busiest port. [41] Research suggest the promised investments on the conditions of life of the region's overwhelmingly rural poor will be slight, with the significant exception of agro-industrial firms with out-grower schemes or that otherwise contribute to the co-ordination of smallholder production and trade. & Tech., Energy, Natural Resources, & Environment, New Partnership for Africa's Development E-School Program, Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Economic Community of Central African States, Economic Community of West African States, "Development and Promotion of Extractive Industries and Mineral Value Addition", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "A political union for east Africa? The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community was signed in Arusha on 30 November 1999. The EAC is a potential precursor to the establishment of the East African Federation, a proposed federation of its members into a single sovereign state. Quickly find the best offers for East african community jobs vacancies on the Star classifieds. There were also plans for a political union, the East African Federation, with a common President (initially on a rotation basis) and a common parliament by 2010. Those recommendations, however, had not been released to the public. The Role of the East African Community(EAC) in Africa's Regional Integration Initiative. Structural tranformation of the industrial and manufacturing sector through value addition and product deversification based on comparative advantage for regional competitive advantage. Well-educated and healthy human resources. Box 1096 Arusha United Republic of Tanzania Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100 Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190 Email: eac@eachq.org There were previous bodies like the East African High Commission (EAHC) (1928-1961) and the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) (1961-1967). It is envisaged that through harmonized standardization, trade barriers that are encountered when goods The EAC is structured into seven main Organs: The Community also has nine institutions, three of which became operational in July 2015. The East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the EU on 16 October 2014.. Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016, and Kenya has ratified it. [10], It had been hoped that an East African Single Tourist Visa may have been ready for November 2006, if it was approved by the relevant sectoral authorities under the EAC's integration programme. [77] The East African passport has been introduced as a travel document to ease border crossing for EAC residents. [13], In 1977, the EAC collapsed. [28], In December 2012, Tanzania agreed to South Sudan's bid to join the EAC, clearing the way for the world's newest state to become the regional bloc's sixth member. East African Community If their objectives were to be implemented, it can be a game changer in the region. Welcome to the Web site of the East African. However, at the moment, there is nothing tangible to boast about. [78], Other measures meant to ease border crossing for East African Community residents include the issuance of interstate passes (which commenced on 1 July 2003), a single immigration Departure/Entry card (adopted by all three member states), the finalisation of harmonised procedures of work permits and the classification process, and the compilation of studies on the Harmonization of Labour Laws and Employment Policies (now in its final stages).[78]. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of six (6) Partner States, comprising Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. East Africa South Sudan’s Blue-House is an avenue of torture - report; East Africa Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda rank top for rapid digital growth; Business Uganda refinery too costly - CPI; East Africa Burundi opposition to UN: You’ve deserted us; East Africa Uganda wants 14 YouTube channels closed over riots [41] Technical work is also needed to harmonise and modernise the customs procedures in the EAC's major ports of entry. It has been argued, however, that the commonalities go far deeper. East African Community Jobs - Recruiting Accountants (REF: EAC/HR/2015-2016/042) The East African Community is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising the Republic of Burundi, the Republic of Kenya, the Republic of Rwanda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda with its Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The multinational firms with their regional headquarters in Nairobi include Google, Coca-Cola, and Toyota. The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organisation of the Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Burundi and Republic of Rwanda with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. [79] Processing of applications for the passports will normally take two to three weeks. The new organisation ran into difficulties because of the lack of joint planning and fiscal policy, separate political policies, and Kenya's dominant economic position. The EAC Partner States envisage coming together to form a super-state under a single political authority / government. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organization of 6 partner states: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) is the legislative arm of the community. The EAC is home to over 150 million citizens and with a land area of 1.82 million square kilometres and a combined Gross Domestic Product Arusha — The East African Community (EAC) and its organs will now be compelled to agree on the bungled budget for 2020/2021. [41], The expected revenue benefits are understood to be minimal by many analysts, based on comparative-static simulation exercises demonstrating the one-off impacts of the immediate introduction of the CU's full tariff package. Kenya exports financial services, for example via the Kenya Commercial Bank and purchase and upgrading of local operators in Tanzania, Uganda and Sudan. In 1967, the EACSO was superseded by the EAC. ", East African trade zone off to creaky start, We Celebrated at EAC Collapse, Says Njonjo, "South Sudan: Big trading potential for EAC", "South Sudan: Rwanda Hopeful of South's Strategic Link to North Africa", "South Sudan to link to Kenya oil pipeline", "South Sudan needs African neighbours to survive", "South Sudan delays membership in regional bloc", "Uganda says South Sudan likely to join EAC in 2014", "Ugandan MPs oppose South Sudan joining East African community", "Tanzania warms up to South Sudan membership", "allAfrica.com: East Africa: EAC to Decide On South Sudan Admission by April 2014". The EAC would have the ninth largest population in the world, if considered a single entity. [18], The presidents of Kenya and Rwanda invited the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan to apply for membership upon the independence of South Sudan in 2011,[19][20] and South Sudan was reportedly an applicant country as of mid-July 2011. Firstly, our East African Community outline PowerPoint map has major cities on it, which are Nairobi, Dodoma, Kampala, Bujumbura, Kigali, and Juba. These cards will identify the holder as a dual citizen of their home country and of "East Africa". [76], The East African passport was launched on 1 April 1999. "East Africa: South Sudan's Push to Join EAC Gains Momentum", "COMMUNIQUÉ: SIGNING CEREMONY OF THE TREATY OF ACCESSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN INTO THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY", "Germany Ambassador pays courtesy call on EAC Secretary General", "Republic of South Sudan deposits Instruments of Ratification on the accession of the Treaty for the establishment of the East African Community to the Secretary General". [41], On 1 July 2010, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki launched the East African Common Market Protocol, an expansion of the bloc's existing customs union that entered into effect in 2005. The Treaty entered into force on 7 July 2000 following the conclusion of the process of its ratification and deposit of the Instruments of Ratification with the … [48] If approved, DR Congo would give the EAC its first port on the African West Coast. [78][79] The passport costs US$10 or the equivalent in EAC currencies. At the 14th Ordinary Summit held in Nairobi in 2012, EAC heads of state approved the verification report that was presented by the Council of Ministers, then directed it to start the negotiation process with South Sudan. The city is also home to the Nairobi Securities Exchange. Development of the East African Standards has been necessitated by the need for harmonizing requirements governing quality of products and services in the East African Community. According to a 2007 published report, it is Africa's fourth largest in terms of trading volumes and fifth largest in terms of market capitalization as a percentage of gross domestic product. This follows an Extra-Ordinary Meeting for the Sectoral Council of Ministers of Health on the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent and stop any further spread of the disease in the region. [11] Burundi and Rwanda joined the EAC on 6 July 2009. Although the passport is only valid within the EAC, modalities of internationalising the East African passport were being discussed with the aim towards having a common travel document for EAC residents by 2006. [41], The establishment of a common market will create both winners (numerous food producers and consumers on both sides of all borders) and losers (smugglers and the customs, police and local government officers who currently benefit from bribery at and around the borders) in the border areas. [66], The new treaty was proposed with plans drawn up in 2004 to introduce a monetary union with a common currency, the East African shilling, some time between 2012 and 2015. Malawian Foreign Affairs Minister Etta Banda said, however, that there were no formal negotiations taking place concerning Malawian membership. [10], Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda have cooperated with each other since the early 20th century. EACSO dissolved to form the first EAC in 1967 whose aim was to have a common market, … [41] The single-party dominance in the Tanzanian and Ugandan parliaments is unattractive to Kenyans, while Kenya's ethnic-politics remains absent in Tanzania. [41] However, this customs union is not yet fully implemented, because there is a significant list of exclusions to the Common External Tariff and tariff-free movement of goods and services. [60] Kenya, Rwanda and Burundi have already agreed to waive work permit fees for EAC citizens. East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern subregion of the African continent, variably defined by geography.In the United Nations Statistics Division scheme of geographic regions, 20 territories make up Eastern Africa:. [42] Commitment to the formal EAC idea is relatively narrow, in both social and generational terms, and thus many have questioned the timetable for the project. The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community was signed by the three Presidents of the Republic of Kenya, Republic of Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania on 30th November, 1999. With the Data Portal, you can visualize Socio-Economic indicators over a period of time, gain access to presentation-ready graphics and perform comprehensive analysis on a Country and Regional level. Kenya, the region's largest exporter, continued to pay duties on goods entering the other four countries on a declining scale until 2010. Improvement of agricultural productivity and value addition. We collected up to 205 ads from hundreds of job boards for you! EAC guides the free movement of goods, people, labour, services and capital from one Partner State to another as well as the rights of establishment and residence without restrictions. Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania have a historically intertwined social, economic, and political background including the shared Lake Victoria. [68] When approved by the EAC's council of ministers, tourists could apply for one country's entry visa which would then be applicable in all regional member states as a single entry requirement initiative. According to the most recent Censuses and Estimates, David Booth, Diana Cammack, Thomas Kibua and Josaphat Kwek (2007), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, East African Common Services Organization, List of companies and organisations based in Nairobi, Industry, Sci. 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