It is also said that krishna Dvaipayana Vyasa collected and rearranged the Vedic hymns (samhitas) in ancient times and classified them into the present four Vedas to serve different purpose. The Satapatha Brahmana is the most comprehensive of these commentaries, but as Roy opines: “Several centuries must have passed between the Mahabharata War and the writing of the Satapatha Brahmana, because the Satapatha Brahmana shows a significant loss of Vedic science.” The correct chronological order of the formation of Haryana, Sikkim, Arunanchal Pradesh and Nagaland as full states of Indian Union is : a) Haryana-Sikkim-Arunachal Pardesh-Nagaland b) Nagaland-Arunachal Pradesh- Haryana-Sikkim c) Nagaland-Haryana-Arunachal Pradesh-Sikkim d) Nagaland-Haryana-Sikkim-Arunachal Pradesh The Upanishads consist of the mystical and philosophical teachings of Hinduism. A). Stay "to be, exist, to live" + Rta "order, that which is properly joined" SRUTI = what is heard. This book navigates the reader through the chronological development of the Veda from Mantras to Brāhmanam, Āranyakas, Upanishads, Sūtras and Pariśishṭas etc. Taittiriya Brahmana A B C D. 9). a. Upanishads, hymns of the Vedas, Shankara, Ram Mohan Roy. 2 The views of the Vedas: Monism, Monotheism, Henotheism and Polytheism. Samhita, Brahmana layers of the Vedas. 7). The Aranyakas concern worship and meditation. The person who knows all the mantras is known asRitwik. The oldest of the four Vedas, Rig Veda, is all about Gyana or Knowledge. The Vedic literature contains mainly the four Vedas i.e. Get important ancient India, Medieval India and Modern Indian articles for UPSC 2020 preparation. According to the Vedic tradition, the original spiritual and Vedic knowledge was given to mankind by God at the beginning of creation. In chronological order the four Vedas are the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. 1: A–M, Rosen Publishing. 5). The expounder of yoga philosophy is : 3). A) Rig, Sama, Atharva, Yajur: B) Rig, Sama, Yajur, Atharva: C) Rig and Sama together; Yajur and Atharva together: D) All simultaneously: Correct Answer: B) Rig, Sama, Yajur, Atharva: c. Shankara, Ram Mohan Roy, Upanishads, hymns of the Vedas. The Yajur Veda is the smallest of all the four Vedas. The mediator between man and gods according to the Vedic people was : 4). Match the following : Vedic literature Theme A. Samhitas 1. James Lochtefeld, Brahman, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. The mane represents the hymns of the Vedas. Match the following : A. Rigveda 1. Mahabharata, 400 BCE (Origins likely in the 8th or 9th century BCE) Bhagavad Gita, 400 BCE; Ramayana, 400 BCE The Vedas is arranged in chronological order of events and time. Which of the following is/are correctly matched ? Varuna-sky and water. Thus, there would have been a highly advanced Vedic and spiritual civilization in the world. The arrangement of these MaNDalas in their chronological order is the first step towards an understanding of Rigvedic history. This book contains the details of Veda Śākhās (branches) and Śikshās prevalent during that time and enumerates about 175 Upanishads available today, which pertain to the four Vedas. 10). d. Upanishads, hymns of the Vedas… Vedas are the oldest some spanning back to the 11th century. 4 See also. 2. Our civilization dates back to thousands of years. The period of the compilation of Rig Veda. Caste system becomes rigid and families become patriarchal. 1700 BC: The Late Harappan and the Early Vedic Period coincide: 1300 BC: The end of the Cemetary H Culture: 1000 BC: Iron Age in India: 1000 BC – 500 BC: Later Vedic Period. 3. The Vedas are classified under śruti. Chronological order of Ancient to Modern History- Chronologically, Indian History can be classified into three periods - Ancient History of India, Medieval India and Modern India. Yajurveda - Oscillating Multi-tone. Of course, not all of the dates in this timeline are accurate; some are entirely conjectural. The Rig Veda is the oldest of all the Vedas. The six Family MaNDalas II-VII form the oldest core of the Rigveda. The historical evidence of Ayurveda can be found in ancient books of wisdom known as the Vedas. The learned lady who is said to have debated with the famous law-giver Yajnavalkya was : 2). Which of the following gives the correct chronological order of the Vedas ? But what you have to remember is that the Vedas is not only broken up into separate categories, what's written down isn't all there is. 1). It was published by Aditya Prakashan, New Delhi (India) in 2000. (B) Rig ,sama ,yajur ,atharva. 5 External links. It is notable that Hinduism largely followed an oral tradition to pass on knowledge, for which there is no record of historical dates. But modern researchers may have made some chronology, but that too are not accurate and only waving the stick in the dark. The four Vedas are the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda. The four parts are: The Samhitas, which contains hymns of praise; The Brahmanas contains rituals and prayers used by the priests to guide them in their lives; The Aranyakas contain information about worship and meditation and the Upanishads contains the teachings of mystical and philosophical elements of Hinduism. The Vedas are consisting of four compositions, and each Veda, in turn, has four parts which are arranged in chronological order. Hindu scriptures are classified into two parts: shruti or śruti, meaning what has been heard and smriti, or smṛti, meaning what has been retained or remembered. The following list provides a somewhat common set of reconstructed dates for the terminus ante quem of Hindu texts, by title or genre. Books of instruction to be given in the forest or writings meant for wood-dwelling hermits C. Aranyakas 3. explain the origin and meaning of the various hymns D. Upanishads 4. If Veda is in chronological order then it entails that too many battles were fought and all in the region of the Indian-sub-Continent against the local and native people, unless it … 6 References VEDAS: Rgveda - Chanted in one tone - Midline. – Beginning of the creation of the Vedas and the development of Hindu polytheism c. 1250 B.C. (D) All simultaneously. (A) Rig, sama, atharva ,yajur. 2. 3 Cosmogony of the Vedas. In chronological order the four Vedas are the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. It uses both written and oral techniques in tandem. It is believed to be the work of 403 sages. Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda. Soma' and the god who is named after the drink. Although the entire collection of the four Vedas are the most genuine archetype of knowledge imparting beacons, yet Rig Veda being the most ancient one has a great touch of spirituality and information. 1,028 hymns and 10,600 verses. Q10. Answer- (B) Rig, sama ,yajur, atharva. The Rig Veda is composed of 10552 mantras. C) Rig and Sama together; Yajur and Atharva together. Aitareya Brahmana B. Samaveda 2. Thus the Sanskrit commentaries were composed in order to preserve the meaning of the Vedas. (C) Rig and sama together ;yajur and atharva together. All dates here given ought to be regarded as roughly approximate, subject to further revision, and generally as relying for their validity on highly inferential methods and standards of evidence. 1. Which one of the following was the main characteristic of the later Vedic age? The techniques discussed here are important as they make the data fit for a modeling algorithm. 4. Sacred Texts Timeline. Collection of hymns, prayers, sacrificial formulae etc. They contradict the hypothesis that the Vedas were composed after an invasion in ca. Table of contents: 1 The four books of the Vedas. His joints represent the various ceremonies. This is a timeline which gives the history of sacred texts, as well as a few other relevant events. For example, Rig Veda is said to be composed from 1500–1200 BCE by some and some others believe it to be 1700–1100 BCE. The Samhitas Rig-Veda Samhita(c. 1200 BCE) is the oldest of the four Vedas and consis… But they are not arranged in chronological order. To the extent that there are astronomical indications in the Vedas, these form a consistent set of data detailing an absolute chronology for Vedic literature in full agreement with the known relative chronology of the different texts of this literature. Is the chronology of India from ancient to medieval period described in our history textbooks correct? Jaminiya Brahmana C. Yajurveda 3. The ears are said to indicate rites (voluntary and obligatory). The head represents the seat of the Brahmin (priest). – Beginning of the creation of the Upanishads; this period also known as the Axis Age c. 600 - Caste System Becoming Established Rg Veda . Atharvaveda - Extra Parjanya-god of cloud and rain 3. Now I will piece together the basic chronological order of the spread of Vedic culture from India. Maruts - storm gods 4. 1500 BC. Data Exploration & Preparation The concepts understood in Basic Statistics will be used herein exploring and preparing the data. Linguistically, the texts belonging to the Hindu Vedic Civilisation can be classified into the following five chronological branches: Rigvedic The oldest text of the Vedic Period, Rig Veda has many elements that are common with the Indo-Iranian texts, both in language and in content. The Brahmana’s are rituals and prayers to guide the priests in their duties. Similarly Samaveda is said to be from around 1700BCE and Yajur from 1200–1000 BCE. c. 1500 B.C. 'Secret or esoteric doctrines' B. Brahmanas 2. The Rigveda: A Historical Analysis is a book by Shrikant G. Talageri. So we can only seek to trace a logical and not a chronological evolutionary process in the Vedic literature. b. hymns of the Vedas, Upanishads, Shankara, Ram Mohan Roy. Rigveda, 1800 – 1100 BCE; Samaveda, 1200 - 800 BCE; Yajurveda, 1100 - 800 BCE; Atharvaveda, 1000 - 800 BCE; The early Upanishads were composed over 900 - 300 BCE. This would be the toughest question. Which of the following gives the correct chronological order of the Vedas ? Regarding the chronology of these MaNDalas, only two facts are generally recognised: 1. Which of the following lists of texts is in chronological order? The early Upanishads were composed over 900 - 300 BCE.[2][3]. So not … Not yet. 1 Mitra- Sun's beneficient energy 2. 6). 5. His nostrils are for oblation. If you want dates, then frankly to tell, NO. A B C D 3 2 4 5. vs. SMRTI = what is remembered. Chronologically, Indian History can be classified into three periods – Ancient India, Medieval India and Modern India. One cannot find such similarity in any other Vedic text. Hinduism Timeline Timeline Description: Hinduism is the primary religion of South Asia, believed to be the result of a gradual combination of various ancient Indian cultures. Atharva Veda, that is known to have been written over 10,000 years ago, describes Ayurveda as a system that helps maintain health in a person by using the inherent principles of nature to bring the individual back into equilibrium with their true self. - Rig Veda hymns composed c. 800 – 500 B.C. Samaveda - 2 tones - you exist in the boundaries of things. Many scholars raise objections on the distorted datings. Texts: Vedas, with Brahmanas and Aranyakas Emphasis on plurality of existence Self refers to this body‐mind Supported by Mimamsa philosophy Focus on the other (spiritual) world Primary value: liberation (moksha) Key to perfection: knowledge Emphasis on the individual seeker Who among the following popularised the theory of 'Arctic Region' as the original home of Aryans ? History of Ancient India: Earliest Times to 1000 A. D. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Hindu_texts&oldid=987201608, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 15:43. Agriculture became the predominant economic activity. Followers believe the concepts of dharma and karma, and the religion breaks into various denominations, including Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and … Which of the following gives the correct chronological order of the Vedas? Gopatha Brahmana D. Atharvaveda 4. The Vedic literature is in … 2. Others. 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