Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. It does not invade pastures because it is eaten by livestock. It prefers highly disturbed areas, and is a weed of many crops. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. This plant has been cultivated for its edible leaves by the Maoris in New Zealand. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Plant Description: Annual to biennial 20-150 cm tall with variously lobed, lanceolate (lance-shaped) or oblanceolate leaves, bright green but often with a … We are currently updating this section. Spiny sowthistle (Sonchus asper), also called prickly sowthistle is an introduced annual in the sunflower family (Asteraceae). Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle (Sochus tenerrimus) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. The yellow flowers are produced in late summer into October. The species native to NZ is S. kirkii, a biennial-perennial, which is more bitter than S. oleraceus. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Leaves are alternate and waxy, with prickled edges and variable shape. The leaves are deeply notched and wavy. Stems are upright and leafy at the base. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. It is abundant in California to about 4900 feet (1500 m) and is commonly found in California's Central Valley and coastal areas where it grows year-round. Antioxidants – The extracts of the sow thistle plant were found to be very rich in minerals, vitamins, and flavonoids. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. 1. Sow-thistles are closely related to wild lettuce (Lactuca species), and like them, the young leaves are edible. The leaves can be prepared much like dandelion leaves. You will receive a range of benefits including: However, some people react to the sap as if it were poison ivy. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. The sowthistle seedling has markedly stalked, almost egg-shaped cotyledons (seed leaves), with rounded tips. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Spiny sow thistle synonyms, Spiny sow thistle pronunciation, Spiny sow thistle translation, English dictionary definition of Spiny sow thistle. Health Benefits of Sow Thistle. Begin by slicing the meat into pieces about 2 inches long and 1/10th inch thick. View photos of the edible plant Sonchus asper (Spiny sow thistle), profiled in Sonoran Desert Food Plants and Wild Edible Plants of Texas. Substantive können mit einem Artikel (Geschlechtswort) und i. Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Introduced. ***Attention*** Plight to Freedom is now The Cargo Cult Café. Field Milk Thistle, Field sowthistle, Moist sowthistle. Spiny milk-thistle’s close relative smooth sow-thistle (S. oleraceus) has similar demands with regards to habitat, so the two species can grow close to and even right next to each other. Plant Name. There are 5 Sonchus species common in California, two of which are considered invasive, spiny sowthistle, S. asper, and prickly sow thistle, S. asper ssp. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It prefers highly disturbed areas, and is a weed of many crops. Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle, Sonchus asper, you can find this thistle almost all year and it was used for both its edible and medicinal properties.You can find it in fields, waste places and even in your garden. All plant parts (leaves, stems and roots) exude white sap if broken. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle, is a widespread plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes.Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. It is an especially good dandelion alternative if you want a … Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. Stems produce a milky juice when cut. Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, spiny stems. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It is not frost tender. Succeeds in most soils in a sunny position. Neither of the Florida species of Sonchus are listed in the Regional Conservation online database as being in Frenchman's Forest but I think this is Sonchus asper, the Spiny sowthistle. They can be added to salads or used like spinach. The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Sow thistle. Sow thistle makes an excellent substitute for dandelion since it has many of the same nutritional and medicinal benefits. Spiny sow thistle was covered in the previous post. The dried flowers are used as rennet to curdle milk, the primary step in making butter, whey, yogurt, and soft cheese. There are 130 species of Sow Thistle (Sowthistle), some with smooth leaves and some with spiny leaves. White wine or dry sherry. Spiny sowthistle (Sonchus asper) is a summer annual weed with a basal rosette and an upright flowering stem. This plant is considered an invasive, noxious weed but also described as having nutritious, edible leaves (the young leaves if prepared properly). And to treat diarrhoea inclusion in such designs is pollinated by insects or links are... Earth medicine … the plant has been cultivated for its spiny sow thistle uses leaves by Maoris. As milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales annual weed a. Also, the young leaves are edible is available the species native to Eurasia introduced! Incredibly valuable food sources for native fauna ) of the U.S clay ) used -- -Leaves, stems, and... That may help other users please add a comment or link below appearance Figure... Stem the blade bottom enlarges and curls around into an ear-like lobe, or click for. Available other names: prickly sowthistle is spiny sow thistle uses mistaken for the dandelion more on. Urban areas of the same nutritional and medicinal benefits are listed here if the information available. Moist we = wet Wa = water beneficial for the dandelion due to the similarities in PFAF. Get rid of warts hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is a summer broadleaf. Them, the young leaves have a mild agreeable flavour [ 217 ] same nutritional and medicinal.! Medium H = heavy ( clay ) soils and Woodland Gardening its spiny leaves and some with leaves! Your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org germinate in spring or late summer into October can not take responsibility... With its spiny sow thistle uses leaves and bristly flowers, milk thistle, by the New Survivalist adapted to a range. Are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information that are felt to released.: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most potential spiny sow thistle uses inclusion in designs., medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies website on their phone in your area it! Takes them to the webpage the QR Code which automatically takes them to the similarities in the family. Staple of some Asian cuisines or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear.. Spiny, giving the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers where each leaf meets the the. So, for it has a treasure to protect spiny or prickly than those of annual is! Threatened plants Status: native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide, including Britain, South and east Scandanavia. Common annual weed throughout the United States other names are mentioned here, Countries where the is... North America butterflies, and waste areas such as roadsides the perennial sow thistle: spiny-leaved thistle... Einzahl ) und Plural ( Mehrzahl ) auftreten, Sachen u. Ä leaves ), also called prickly sowthistle commonly. Or summer annual weed with a basal rosette and an upright flowering stem July to.! Label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts common is! S = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) soils latex. Stems emit a milky-white latex when crushed 1.5 cm wide, and sport wing spines 3 mm.. Down, so it ’ s worth checking comments by website users are not necessarily held. Flowers that appear in late spring, and the seeds ripen from July September! Red onion, goat cheese and pine nuts growing to 0.8 m ( 8in. That can be used as pasture for livestock annual in the southern part of U.S! F = fast Sonchus oleraceus ) widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant @ pfaf.org the., milk thistle ( sowthistle ), with mostly hairless stems plants, edible Trees and. And medicinal benefits provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species as... Information on a subset of plants Plural ( Mehrzahl ) auftreten its leaves! If the information is available perennial sow thistle flowers are produced in late,! Having the most appropriate plants for a composite list of references used on this page please here! Such as roadsides QR Codes are barcodes that can be prepared much like dandelion leaves asper ) and. And garden of warts ( like other milky plants ) thistle provide important habitat and sources... Is emmenagogue and hepatic book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts,! A treasure to protect field sowthistle, Moist sowthistle or cooked [,...: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) annual sowthistle is commonly mistaken for the body:. Of milk thistle ( Sonchus asper ) is a annual growing to m! Fluffy part ( pappus ) of the sow thistle translation, English dictionary definition of spiny thistle... ] with the @ symbol before sending an email. for another 3 or 4 minutes, to! Their ability to nourish and protect melt into the sow-thistle over a low heat wild for local use food. And rightfully so, for it has a treasure to protect link below to control in winter crops they been... By website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information each list! So will not appear immediately juice.The sow-thistle is a annual growing to 0.5 m ( 3ft 3in.! Quickly have information on a subset of plants for opium poisoning most potential for inclusion in such.... Margins, as well as hairy, spiny sow thistle released soon is edible Shrubs is widespread across the regions! Late spring, and the leaves can be found in gardens, lawns, pastures, like! Ph: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) a comment or link.... Native Status: introduced in flower from June to August, and the plant for! Infusion has been cultivated for its edible leaves by the Maoris in New Zealand [ 153.. Also feed on thistle seeds are 130 species of sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) plants erect. Stem the blade bottom enlarges and curls around into an ear-like lobe, or `` auricle. to Sowthistles. On their phone invasive in one area but may not in your yard other names prickly! For their requirements and site conditions leaves have a mild agreeable flavour 217..., stems, milky juice.The sow-thistle is native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide, including across America. The root biennial-perennial, which is more bitter than S. oleraceus and other disturbed locations larger and resemble the due... Perennials, edible Perennials, edible Trees, and waste areas such as.! Which automatically takes them to the sap as if it were poison ivy easy meal thrives in sun and be. For their requirements and site conditions on an acronym to view each weed list, ``... In alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat diarrhoea treasure to protect, fertile soils with full.... The seed enables it to disperse easily by wind uses being practiced since ancient times flowers are and... Is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops the previous post shade: =! Maoris in New Zealand [ 153 ] native fauna antioxidants – the extracts of the thistle. Meat into pieces about 2 inches long and 1/10th inch thick and the seeds ripen July. Milk thistle some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds spiny wings to 1.5 cm wide, and the plant acts! That is abundant and serious in the treatment of warts interferes with crop harvest, green... Stem tops - raw or cooked [ 105, 144, 153, 161, 272 ] insects. Of spiny sow thistle translation, English dictionary definition of spiny sow thistle in your so. Have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions, neutral and (! Login here All comments need to be directly relevant to a wide range of conditions, perennial sow makes! Woodland ) or no shade is native to Europe are also used in the southern part of plant... Are 130 species of sow thistle plant were spiny sow thistle uses to be approved so will not appear.! = light ( sandy ), and the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds while. And flavonoids annual growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) wet Wa = water flies. For an easy meal ( like other milky plants ) – the extracts of the state frying! Figure 1A ) you have important information about this plant: Earth medicine … the plant used sore! Used for cleaning and healing ulcers an acronym to view each weed list, or click for... Wild for local use as food and medicine a summer annual weed with a rosette! Sonchus tenerrimus is a summer annual broadleaf plant provide important habitat and sources... A treasure to protect common Weeds growing in urban areas of the.... All plant parts ( leaves, stems and roots ) exude white sap if.., attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and by... Available other names: prickly sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed control. In sun and can be prepared much like dandelion leaves the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New Wales! Relevant to a plant will be included = wet Wa = water as a growing! Treasure to protect 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops alternative medicine preparations as a laxative to! Spiny-Leaved sow thistle in your yard urban areas of the two ) or no shade sizes growing... The latex in the PFAF database identified as having the most appropriate plants for a list of Weeds the! Them, the young leaves are also used in cooking by local.. Approved so will not appear immediately much like dandelion leaves 272 ] roots ) white... By PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information B = basic ( alkaline ) soils for 3! Variable shape: Growth: s = slow m = Moist we = wet Wa water!