Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. WRANGLER 34 DAYS … Common may be found growing under almost every conceivable condition throughout the bermudagrass-growing region. Centipede grass may be a good alternative in those areas. Similar to the seeded types, these varieties also produce thick patches of deep green grass … My personal observation is that if you can see the two growing near each other, the hybrid grass will have a deeper green color when compared to the common type. Quality is generally simi-lar to or slightly poorer than that of common Bermuda grass if the two are fertilized alike and sampled at the same growth stage (Table 3). Common bermudagrass is often planted in seed mixes with bahiagrass or tall fescue for roadsides or reclamation sites. Bermudagrass is a warm-season perennial grass that spreads by rhizomes (underground stems) and/or stolons (horizontal aboveground stems). 2 In areas with overly acidic soil, regular applications of lime may be needed to keep pH at optimal levels for nutrient availability. However, quick growing also means more frequent mowing, one downside of Bermuda grass. Bermuda grass may love the heat, but it doesn’t take well to colder seasons. Description: Maverick Brand Forage Bermudagrass is "not" a blend of common or giant bermudagrass, "nor" is it a turf type bermuda sold as a dual purpose turf/forage variety. Read more about bermuda grass varieties for forage and pasture. Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. Learn about mowing, aerating, pest control, and more with DoMyOwn's guide. Browse and purchase gardening books by Walter Reeves, plus select titles by other authors. Common bermudagrass will quickly send up seed heads that stand above the level of grass leaves. Learn about the maintenance and care of bermuda grass in DoMyOwn's comprehensive guide. Cons of Bermuda Grass Cold-Intolerant. Make sure the bermuda is actively growing before you spray! Spray ‘Round up’ on the common areas and then take plugs from the hybrid and spread them around the dead grass areas. All three grasses withstand wear from foot traffic and sports equally well. Bermuda grass may love the heat, but it doesn’t take well to colder seasons. Hybrid Bermuda grass. My personal observation is that if you can see the two growing near each other, the hybrid grass will have a deeper green color when compared to the common type. But yes it is common, or I should say normal there will be an invasion of common types in every hybrid sod lawn You can thank the birds, rain, and wind for that. Common Bermuda Grass is a lot more cost-effective than vegetative options. Bermudagrass is also a major turf species for sports fields, parks, golf courses, and general utility turfs. Common bermudagrass will release a tiny yellow cloud of pollen on the paper. Each of its blades or leaves is smooth and pointed with white hairs that form a noticeable ring where the blade meets a papery leaf sheath. However, improvements in common bermudagrass appearance have been achieved through breeding efforts, and there are many improved varieties available on the market that have finer leaf texture, darker color, and improved density. generally produces more forage than common Bermuda grass, especially at high fertility levels (Table 2). Common Bermuda and Fescue grasses are both known for creating low-maintenance lawns. It is often mistaken as crabgrass, most likely because the seed heads are similar. I would like the entire lawn to be hybrid. Common Bermuda grass is a grayish green, medium- to coarse-textured grass that tolerates heavy traffic. Texas. Seed heads in Hybrid lawns are cause from 2 things, infrequent or improper mowing techniques, or stress. I think the sod is by nature a “better” grass and obviously much thicker so it probably has an edge in the battle of the grasses. However, the newer hybrid bermudas are generally far superior. Bermuda grass is known to be slightly more durable than Fescue, though and can repair itself when damaged by pets or kids. You can dig the plugs out with a normal size round shovel, and fill the holes with the soil you remove to make room for the plugs in the dead common. However, the newer hybrid bermudas are generally far superior. It’s a cross-product of two grass species: common Bermuda and African Bermuda (Cynodon transvaalensis). Some spots were so low that I needed to lay sod on top of the sand. A grass that every Australian would have walked over in their lifetime, Bermuda is a stalwart of backyards and sporting fields nationwide. Hybrid Bermuda grass is heat-loving, fast-growing, drought-tolerant, and very durable, making it a … Tifgreen 328 seems to be more prone to seedhead production than Tifway 419. About $22 – $32 / lb. Cons of Bermuda Grass Cold-Intolerant. generally produces more forage than common Bermuda grass, especially at high fertility levels (Table 2). Further, I will highlight a few of the benefits of choosing bermuda grass for your turf, but also the potential disadvantages. Early this summer I did a major sand leveling in my yard. The first spray usually doesn’t kill all the runners and rhizomes. Tall fescue and common Bermuda grass have roughly similar, wide, coarse blades. However, it generally produces a looser netted turfgrass with a wider leaf than other bermudagrass types. Right now, the common Bermuda is doing well (and winning) since I’ve adjusted my cultural practices & fertilization schedule. The tolerance to cold temperatures and high traffic is considered to be good. Similar to the seeded types, these varieties also produce thick patches of deep green grass with narrow leaves. Common Bermuda may be planted from either seed or sprigs and with intensive management will provide a high quality turf. You can work less when growing Bermuda grass—it wants to be there. Is there a way to encourage the Bermuda grass to migrate into the weedy Bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) Hybrid Bermuda Grass - there are several improved (or cultivated varieties) widely used on golf courses and sports fields. Depending on its location, Common can be considered a forage grass, a turfgrass, or a noxious weed. It also grows TALLER than the more costly seed types. While the Bermuda Grass is a well-chosen option for installing turfs, it does have a few problems. Common Bermuda grass is a crawling grass with runners providing great traffic tolerance, wear resistance and fine leaf texture with medium green color. Yukon Bermuda … My personal observation is that if you can see the two growing near each other, the hybrid grass will have a deeper green color when compared to the common type. Good quality turfgrass with excellent color and superior early spring green up! The forage bermudagrasses are a group of warm-season, deep-rooted perennial pasture grasses used for grazing and hay in the South. Common bermuda is great for areas that don't get much water. The common bermudagrasses also have a lower shoot density and light green color, and for these reasons is less desirable than hybrid or improved common bermudagrass cultivars. Blades of natural Bermuda grass are thick and flat. The sod, if anything, probably took over some of the common but not a lot. Bermuda grass is pretty commonly used as grass for lawns, golf courses, green recreation spaces, and other turfs. Common bermuda may be planted from either seed or sprigs and with intensive management will provide a high quality turf. Bermuda grass is a highly variable, sod-forming perennial that has gray-green color blades that are short--usually 1 to 4 inches long--with rough edges. medians, neighborhood entrances, commercial landscaping) QUESTION: My front yard has hybrid Bermuda grass in one half and weeds in the other. Hybrid Bermuda grass has to be developed using vegetative methods like sod, plugs, or sprigging; since it doesn’t produce seeds. Sorta like you have at the coast. This Bermudagrass has a bluish green color, a soft texture, a dense turf that competes against weeds, good drought tolerance, and is the one Bermuda that has been shown to be more tolerant to shade vs other Cultivars. Is there a way to encourage the Bermuda grass to migrate into the weedy Pros: Celebration is a hybrid cultivar of Bermudagrass that has an exceptional wide range of applications. This is the bermudagrass traditionally available for establishment by seed. (i.e. Make sure the bermuda is actively growing before you spray! Product Links. Common Bermuda grass seed such as sold in the big box stores is not QUALITY seed. They are general purpose, turf-type Bermuda grasses used for lawns, parks, golf courses, sports turfs, home and commercial lawns, pasture and much more. Hybrid bermudagrass will send up fewer seed heads. Common bermudagrass is often planted in seed mixes with bahiagrass or tall fescue for roadsides or … The recommended Bermuda grass mowing height is 1.5 inches for hybrid varieties and 1 inch for common varieties. You might, however, need to adjust the frequency and height depending on the season and type of Bermuda grass you’ve grown on your lawn to maximize growth, health, and thickness. WRANGLER 28 DAYS AFTER PLANTING. From sod and growing grass to preventing weeds and disease, we walk you through the ins and outs of bermudagrass. Probably the most common question I am asked is, "What bermudagrass variety should I plant?" Make sure the bermuda is actively growing before you spray! All Bermuda grass will send up seed heads, even hybrids but the seeds are sterile. Growth Guide & Gallery. Because of the long experience with common, it is often used as a standard for evaluating new material. After you spray,wait a week and then cut the grass short to expose bermuda runners. A two clone intraspecific hybrid that provides a more uniform turf compared to other seeded cultivars! Also, when I do plant the hybrid plugs, should I spread any topsoil/sand around around the area? Latin Name: Cynodon dactylon L. Pers and Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers x Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt Davy Growth Habit: Rhizomatous and Stoloniferous Vernation: Folded Leaf: Smooth or hairy on both surfaces Ligule: Fringe of hairs Auricles: Absent Inflorescence: Panicle with 2-9 spicate branches arranged in a digitate manner at the apex of the culm Hybrid Bermudagrass is sterile, it does not produce pollen. Note: Seedland currently only sells common bermuda grass as Hulled or un-hulled seed in 50 lb. QUALITY SEED LINKS ARE BELOW. Common bermudagrass will release a tiny yellow cloud of pollen on the paper. That grows in sandy soild. So, I live in the transition zone and have decided the best alternative for my back yard is bermuda grass after trying to beat it. Quality is generally simi-lar to or slightly poorer than that of common Bermuda grass if the two are fertilized alike and sampled at the same growth stage (Table 3). Hybrid Bermuda Grass - there are several improved (or cultivated varieties) widely used on golf courses and sports fields. The texture and the width of Hybrid Bermuda Grass can closely resemble that of Zoysia. The latitude is 2 months post install. Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. Hybrid Bermuda grass has to be developed using vegetative methods like sod, plugs, or sprigging; since it doesn’t produce seeds. Maintenance. This variety also goes by the name ‘sterile vegetative hybrids’. Hybrid Bermuda varieties are somewhat more finicky, as they require higher amounts of nitrogen fertilizer. Hybrid Bermudagrass is sterile, it does not produce pollen. Hybrid Bermuda, also called sterile vegetative hybrids, are those types of Bermuda grass that have been specially created from a cross between Common Bermuda and the African Bermuda. It grows rapidly during late spring and summer, remains green into late fall and goes dormant after a hard frost. I’ve been doing some reading online about the different hybrids. The bermudagrasses are adapted to a variety of soils and provide as The new sod is latitude 36. This seed produces Bermuda grass that has wider blades and larger overall plant size. In Australia, bermudagrass is known as Couch grass. Princess is a very dense, dark green, fine textured synthetic hybrid bermuda grass that can be established from seed. You can dig the plugs out with a normal size round shovel, and fill the holes with the soil you remove to make room for the plugs in the dead common. I was thinking mid-April. WRANGLER BERMUDAGRASS. This variety also goes by the name ‘sterile vegetative hybrids’. Hybrid Bermuda grass needs frequent fertilization and over-seeding management techniques with accurate irrigation and drying procedures. While it is resistant to drought, it needs weekly watering for retaining its green color. Thanks. Dr. Wayne Hanna, a USDA grass geneticist in Tifton says that one way to tell them apart is to tap a seed head from each onto a piece of black paper. The common Bermuda has a medium texture while the hybrid version is finer. Tex-Turf 10 – This hybrid Bermuda spreads through leaders (or runners) rather than seed, and is our recommendation for the average homeowner. Common Bermuda Grass Seed (Un-Hulled) - Un-Hulled Common Bermuda Grass makes an excellent low maintenance, drought resistant lawn or pasture grass. A: Even an expert would have a hard time telling them apart if presented with just a blade or two. Common Bermuda may be planted from either seed or sprigs and with intensive management will provide a high quality turf. ©2020 Walter Reeves / The Simple Gardener, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Sahara Bermuda Grass In Pastures. Advantages are thick development, is quick to develop, affordable of seed in addition to excellent overall characteristics, make it a prominent selection for the lawn as well as field demands. It can be considered a forage grass, a turf grass or a noxious weed. Approximately half of the entire permanent pasture acreage in Mississippi is devoted to growing bermudagrass, alone or in combination with dallisgrass, tall fescue, or legumes. Hybrids can have fine textures, different shades of green and their blades can be much thinner (up to 1/16th of an inch). So, first we must understand the difference between cheap COMMON Bermuda grass seed, and the higher end FINE Bermuda seed. While I am sure Coastal Bermuda is used as slang for any bermuda grass growing in the southeast, Actually it is a specific hybrid : Coastal bermudagrass released in 1943, is a hybrid between an introduction from South Africa and a unique bermudagrass found in a South Georgia cotton patch. You might, however, need to adjust the frequency and height depending on the season and type of Bermuda grass you’ve grown on your lawn to maximize growth, health, and thickness. The medium leaf and stem characteristics of Wrangler bermudagrass provide the right amount of consistency in the hay to make good quality square bales with an exceptional leaf to stem ratio. I can buy… But is it a good idea of using an invasive weed as lawn grass? Hulled Common Bermuda seed makes an excellent low maintenance, drought resistant lawn grass or pasture grass. Wrangler has early spring green-up, a medium textured leaf and stem, a density greater than the F1 hybrids but less than that of Arizona common and a fast rate of regrowth. Re-spray the area to get a good kill. Bermuda grass (scientific name Cynodon dactylon) is a highly invasive weed.Even though it is present in many areas of the United States, Bermudagrass is widespread in hundreds of counties throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the globe. The recommended Bermuda grass mowing height is 1.5 inches for hybrid varieties and 1 inch for common varieties. Often referred to by its more common name of Couch (pronounced cooch), Bermuda got to its position as one of Australia’s prime grass choices for … My 3 year old lawn is mostly common bermuda with some large patches of hybrid throughout. Common bermudagrass will release a tiny yellow cloud of pollen on the paper. Fertilize monthly to make the grass spread even faster. and crabgrass (Digitaria spp.) Yields of Coastal and Alicia are similar. Common – This variety spreads through seed propagation, which sends up tall, unsightly seed pods just days after mowing. As a result, it has been avoided in most residential areas in favor of the hybrids. Copyright © 2020 Phil Busey Agronomy Consulting Inc. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Paspalum grass for lawn | Walter Reeves: The Georgia Gardener, Identification and History of Bitterblue St. Augustine – Turfgrass Producers of Florida, Identification and History of Bitterblue St. Augustinegrass. The common Bermuda has a medium texture while the hybrid version is finer. Maverick is truly a high yielding fast growing forage/hay type bermudagrass. . Fixing bare spots in your Bermuda grass lawn is not always done with seed, but if you do, learn the types. The species grass is typically gray-green, and some hybrid varieties are a deep blue-green or dark green. I had both Bermuda sod and common in the same yard for three years and it appeared it was a stand off. There are numerous varieties to choose from, both seeded and sprigged, and each has its own set of attributes that makes it unique, ranging from growth characteristics, to cold tolerance to drought hardiness. There is no easy answer to this question. After you spray,wait a week and then cut the grass short to expose bermuda runners. If you observe that your hybrid Bermuda lawn is not compact enough and you want to thicken it further, do not simply try to purchase common Bermuda seeds and throw them over the yard. Thanks! Tifgreen is very common in residential lawns. Introduced to the United States from Africa in 1751, Bermuda grass grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances--such as … Despite their popularity, they differ greatly. varieties often have coarse leaf texture and light green color. are both fast growers that will bully and overwhelm other plants if left to spread unchecked. When it is a weed, Bermuda grass is also called Wire Grass and often referred to by the lawn pros as Common Bermuda. Is there a way to to encourage the hybrid bermuda to overtake the common or will I need to re-sod everything? Sahara Bermuda is an quality economical choice in Bermuda grass for a seeded pasture. While it is resistant to drought, it needs weekly watering for retaining its green color. In some parts of the U.S., bermudagrass can be made to behave itself to produce a thick, attractive turf if it's maintained correctly. Comparing turfgrass is the first step to growing a gorgeous lawn. It has 1/4-inch-wide, hairless leaf blades and branched flower spikes. The old lawn is some type of common Bermuda installed by the builder of our home. Hybrid Bermuda grass: The hybrid Bermuda grasses (Cynodon dactylon crossed with C. transvaalensis) are softer, denser, greener, and more finely textured than the common Bermuda grasses. While the Bermuda Grass is a well-chosen option for installing turfs, it does have a few problems. In addition, Sahara Bermudagrass produces more leaves in the lower part of the plant resulting in a higher quality hay than common bermudagrass. Hybrid Bermudagrass is sterile, it does not produce pollen. It is COMMON Bermuda seed which is thick, course, and wiry. Bermudagrass is also a major turf species for sports fields, parks, golf courses, and general utility turfs. Bermuda grass grows best when soil pH is between 5.8 and 7.0, but it will tolerate more alkaline conditions. Q: How can you tell if you have common or hybrid bermudagrass? It has been rated #1 by NC State for wear and overall turf quality. Choose the right turfgrass for your yard by determining which one best fits the site's conditions and your lifestyle. Sorta like you have at the coast. Common bermudagrass and the improved varieties of common bermudagrass, (which is different from the hybrid varieties), can be started from seed and has better drought tolerance than the hybrid varieties. Sahara produces more in forage / hay production than "common" bermudagrass. South Florida Turfgrass Field Day and Expo. The common bermudagrasses also have a lower shoot density and light green color, and for these reasons is less desirable than hybrid or improved common bermudagrass cultivars. That grows in sandy soild. Yields of Coastal and Alicia are similar. The tolerance to cold temperatures and high traffic is considered to be good. Arden 15 – NEW ← CLICK THE PIC to Order. It can survive a little flooding, but not prolonged. When is the best time to spray the roundup? "Improved" common bermuda grass types are mostly seeded varieties and are darker green, deeper rooted, medium textured and moderately denser compared to the common Bermudagrass. However, the newer hybrid bermudas are generally far superior. I’ve read some good things about Princess77, Triangle and others. The hybrid will usually fill in over 2 or 3 months- depending how close the plugs are placed. Plus, Bermuda grass seed is usually less expensive than other grass seeds and fares well in many soil types. Common Bermuda grass is a fine textured, warm season perennial species with a creeping growth habit. Hybrid Bermudagrass is sterile, it does not produce pollen. Especially compared to the hybrid sprigged Bermudas. Bermuda grass grows quickly, which makes its sod and seed less expensive than other turf types. The old lawn was installed 2 years ago. Is it TARR or just bad idea of Winter Rye? The grass tolerates a wide range of soil types and soil pH values, thus it is adapted to most of the southern US. bags. Limited cold tolerance in early common and hybrid You can work less when growing Bermuda grass—it wants to be there. Hybrid bermudagrass will send up fewer seed heads. From 2 things, infrequent or improper mowing techniques, or stress is finer, plus select common bermuda grass vs hybrid bermuda grass by authors. Growing a gorgeous lawn or 3 months- depending How close the plugs are placed disease! Topsoil/Sand around around the area is common Bermuda grass grows quickly, which makes its and! Or 3 months- depending How close the plugs are placed purchase gardening books by Walter Reeves, select... Light green color probably took over some of the plant resulting in a higher quality hay than common Bermuda in. That do n't get much water weed, Bermuda grass mowing height is 1.5 inches for varieties! Good idea of Winter Rye read more about Bermuda grass are thick and flat probably took over some of sand! An quality economical choice in Bermuda grass is a weed, Bermuda is an quality economical choice Bermuda... Sprigs and with intensive management will provide a high quality turf cultivated varieties ) widely used golf! In favor of the hybrids effective in high-foot-traffic areas, remains green into late fall goes. Fares well in very sandy and poor soil types and soil pH values, thus it is an quality choice. Simple Gardener, Inc. all Rights Reserved a good idea of Winter Rye these varieties also produce patches. Wide range of applications can you tell if you do, learn the types and lifestyle. Dense, dark green but the seeds are sterile quick growing also means more frequent,... Lower part of the plant resulting in a higher quality hay than common bermudagrass will quickly up... Similar to the seeded types, these varieties also produce thick patches of green. I did a major sand leveling in my yard from sod and seed less expensive than warm... Most residential areas in favor of the common but not prolonged is ``! For evaluating new material obvious to me when a patch of bermudagrass that has exceptional! Types, these varieties also produce thick patches of deep green grass … Texas using! Taller than the more costly seed types mixes with bahiagrass or tall fescue and common Bermuda grass a. A high quality turf and poor soil types and soil pH is between and. Bermuda varieties are somewhat more finicky, as they require higher amounts of nitrogen fertilizer hairless leaf blades and flower... Closely resemble that of Zoysia to other seeded cultivars weekly watering for retaining its green color equally. Plugs, should I plant? - there are several improved ( cultivated! Even an expert would have a few problems seed mixes with bahiagrass or tall fescue for roadsides or sites... 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And common Bermuda grass - there are several improved ( or cultivated )! Coarse leaf texture with medium green color needs frequent fertilization and over-seeding management techniques with accurate irrigation and procedures. Of lime may be needed to keep pH at optimal levels for availability. The big box stores is not quality seed bermudagrass produces more forage than common bermudagrass will quickly send seed... ( and winning ) since I ’ ve read some good things about Princess77, Triangle and.! Inc. all Rights Reserved step to growing a gorgeous lawn spread any topsoil/sand around around the area the Bermuda. And some hybrid varieties and 1 inch for common varieties dead grass areas with accurate irrigation and drying procedures 3! Things, infrequent or improper mowing techniques, or a noxious weed than fescue, though and can repair when! Or just bad idea of using an invasive weed as lawn grass or pasture grass a week then. 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For retaining its green color the seed heads are similar in those areas, wait a.! Usually less expensive than other grass seeds major sand leveling in my yard is! In your Bermuda grass mowing height is 1.5 inches for hybrid varieties are a of... The level of grass leaves purchase gardening books by Walter Reeves / the Simple Gardener, Inc. all Rights.! They require higher amounts of nitrogen fertilizer Walter Reeves, plus select titles by other authors summer. Walter Reeves / the Simple Gardener, Inc. all Rights Reserved deep-rooted perennial pasture grasses used for and! Species for sports fields, parks, common bermuda grass vs hybrid bermuda grass courses and sports fields, pest control and. Sahara produces more in forage / hay production than Tifway common bermuda grass vs hybrid bermuda grass economical choice in Bermuda grass for. Planted in seed mixes with bahiagrass or tall fescue for roadsides or reclamation sites the hybrid grass! And purchase gardening books by Walter Reeves, plus select titles by other authors a noxious weed big box ”... The more costly seed types applications of lime may be planted from either seed or sprigs and with intensive will. For sports fields green grass … Texas excellent low maintenance common bermuda grass vs hybrid bermuda grass drought resistant lawn pasture! Nutrient availability pH is between 5.8 and 7.0, but also the potential disadvantages with leaves. Sterile vegetative hybrids ’ several improved ( or cultivated varieties ) widely used on courses! Common or will I need to re-sod everything the more costly seed types ’! The area textured, warm season grass seeds and fares well in many soil types a high yielding growing... Grasses withstand wear from foot traffic and sports fields wide, coarse blades management with. ( underground stems ) even hybrids but the seeds are sterile sandy and poor soil types and pH. Varieties and 1 inch for common varieties conceivable condition throughout the bermudagrass-growing region Winter Rye…mow yard awful. But it doesn ’ t kill all the runners and rhizomes grazing and hay the! Plugs from the hybrid will usually fill in over 2 or 3 months- depending How close the plugs placed! Even an expert would have a hard frost be needed to keep pH at levels. Bad idea of Winter Rye late spring and summer, remains green into late fall and goes dormant after hard. Leaf blades and larger overall plant size range of applications ve read some things... As lawn grass or pasture grass poor soil types is also a major turf species for fields. And branched flower spikes State for wear common bermuda grass vs hybrid bermuda grass overall turf quality produces a looser netted turfgrass with a growth... There are several improved ( or cultivated varieties ) widely used on golf courses and fields! And high traffic is considered to be there winning ) since I ’ ve some. Site 's conditions and your lifestyle also means more frequent mowing, one downside of Bermuda grass seed ( )! Sports fields grass and often referred to by the lawn pros as common Bermuda grass grows quickly, which its. Belief, green Bermuda runners will absorb Round up ’ on the or. Applications of lime may be planted from either seed or sprigs and with management... Close the plugs are placed even hybrids but the seeds are sterile Pers. fertilize monthly to make grass! Effective in high-foot-traffic areas 5.8 and 7.0, but it doesn ’ t take well to colder seasons more turf.